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Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Presidential Elections: The Historical Record
David R. Mayhew examines U.S. presidential elections from 1788 through 2004. He highlights the importance of incumbency advantage. He concludes that in-office parties have kept the White House two-thirds of the time when they have run incumbent candidates, but they have fared only 50-50 in open-seat elections.

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Constituency Representation in Congress: The View from Capitol Hill, Kristina C. Miler Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

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Politicians Don't Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness, Robert Y. Shapiro and Lawrence R. Jacobs Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

Democracy at the Polls: A Comparative Study of Competitive National Elections, Austin Ranney, David Butler and Howard R. Penniman Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

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