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Volume 92 - Number 1 - Spring 1977

 

On Removing Certain Impediments to Democracy in the United States
Robert A. Dahl argues that the United States entered into five "historic commitments" that bear on the contemporary state of American democracy and its prospects and that in some respects those commitments are incompatible. He calls for making the different commitments more explicit so that the incompatibilities can be recognized and those that serve as obstacles to procedural democracy can be removed.

pp. 1-20
 

The Decline of the Party in American Elections
Gerald M. Pomper explains how American parties have been losing their traditional function in presidential nominations and elections. He contends that parties are now only one among many contestants attempting to influence electoral outcomes and that any continued decline in the influence of parties poses a risk to American democracy.

pp. 21-41
 

Voter Registration Drives and Turnout: A Report on the Harlem Electorate
Charles V. Hamilton suggests that the intensive efforts to register minority voters are not being matched by equal efforts to turn out those newly registered voters on election day. He concludes that this pattern impedes maximum political effectiveness among minority voters.

pp. 43-46
 

United States Policy toward Southern Africa: Economic and Strategic Constraints
William J. Foltz looks at United States policy toward southern Africa and finds that it is not constrained by compelling economic and strategic interests, despite their invocation by radicals and conservatives alike. Rather, American policy has reflected political and ideological concerns often ill suited to the African context and to long-range American interests.

pp. 47-64
 

The Bargaining Chip and SALT
Robert J. Bresler and Robert C. Gray subject the concept of the "bargaining chip" in arms negotiation to critical scrutiny. After analyzing the rationales for a number of weapon systems, they find that no coherent bargaining chip policy has existed among high American officialdom.

pp. 65-88
 

Pretrial Publicity and Due Process in Criminal Proceedings
Caren Dubnoff examines the roles of the Supreme Court and state appellate courts in defining and upholding the constitutional right to an impartial criminal trial in the face of prejudicial pretrial publicity. She concludes that the Supreme Court refusal to declare national standards has led to widespread denial of judicial relief by most state courts.

pp. 89-108
 

The Academy of Political Science: Report of the President, 1976
Robert H. Connery

pp. 109-110
 

Correspondence

pp. 185-188
 

Who's Running America? Institutional Leadership in the United States, Thomas R. Dye
Reviewed by Irving Louis Horowitz

pp. 111-113
 

The Dissent of the Governed: Alienation and Democracy in America, James D. Wright
Reviewed by Marilyn Hoskin

pp. 113-115
 

The Powerholders, David Kipnis
Reviewed by Duane Lockard

pp. 115-116
 

Verbal Behavior and Politics, Doris A. Graber
Reviewed by Harold D. Lasswell

pp. 116-117
 

Beyond the Presidency: The Residues of Power, Marie B. Hecht
Reviewed by John W. Chambers

pp. 117-119
 

Managing Presidential Objectives, Richard Rose
Reviewed by Paul J. Halpern

pp. 119-120
 

The Executive, Congress, and Foreign Policy: Studies of the Nixon Administration, John Lehman
Reviewed by Richard M. Pious

pp. 120-121
 

Yeas and Nays: Normal Decision-Making in the U.S. House of Representatives, Donald R. Matthews and James A. Stimson
Reviewed by Edward Schneier

pp. 121-122
 

Rulemakers of the House, Spark M. Matsunaga and Ping Chen
Reviewed by Nelson W. Polsby

pp. 122-123
 

Men Against McCarthy, Richard Fried
Reviewed by Richard H. Rovere

pp. 123-124
 

Unequal Justice: Lawyers and Social Change in Modern America, Jerold S. Auerbach
Reviewed by Emily Albrink Fowler

pp. 124-125
 

Prisoners Among Us: The Problem of Parole, David T. Stanley
Reviewed by John Kaplan

pp. 125-127
 

Parole: Legal Issues/Decision-making/Research, William E. Amos and Charles L. Newman
Reviewed by Diana R. Gordon

pp. 127-128
 

Federal Programs and City Politics: The Dynamics of the Aid Process in Oakland, Jeffrey L. Pressman
Reviewed by Douglas Yates

pp. 128-130
 

The Politics of Exclusion, Michael N. Danielson
Reviewed by Gary Orfield

pp. 130-132
 

School Politics, Chicago Style, Paul E. Peterson
Reviewed by Diane Ravitch

pp. 132-133
 

Fair Share Housing Allocation, David Listokin
Reviewed by Michael J. Munson

pp. 133-134
 

Transportation Planning as Response to Controversy: The Boston Case, Ralph Gakenheimer
Reviewed by Sigurd Grava

pp. 135-136
 

School Desegregation: Shadow and Substance, Florence Hamlish Levinsohn and Benjamin Drake Wright
Reviewed by Christine H. Rossell

pp. 136-137
 

Disaster by Decree: The Supreme Court Decisions on Race and the Schools, Lino A. Graglia
Reviewed by Harrell R. Rodgers

pp. 137-139
 

The Transformation of Southern Politics: Social Change and Political Consequence Since 1945, Jack Bass and Walter De Vries
Reviewed by William C. Havard

pp. 139-141
 

Southern Governors and Civil Rights: Racial Segregation as a Campaign Issue in the Second Reconstruction, Earl Black
Reviewed by Robert S. Montjoy

pp. 141-142
 

Party Leadership in the States, Robert J. Huckshorn
Reviewed by Thomas R. Dye

pp. 142-143
 

The United States, China, and Arms Control, A. Doak Barnett, Morton H. Halperin, Jerome H. Kahan and Ralph N. Clough ; The Pattern of Sino-American Crises: Political-Military Interactions in the 1950s, Jan H. Kalicki
Reviewed by Thomas W. Robinson

pp. 143-145
 

The Origins of the Marshall Plan, John Gimbel
Reviewed by Thomas G. Paterson

pp. 146-147
 

The Imperial Years: The United States since 1939, Alonzo L. Hamby
Reviewed by Athan Theoharis

pp. 148-149
 

The Eccentric Tradition: American Diplomacy in the Far East, Robert A. Hart
Reviewed by Roger Dingman

pp. 149-150
 

Roosevelt and Churchill, 1939-1941: The Partnership that Saved the West, Joseph P. Lash
Reviewed by Robert H. Ferrell

pp. 150-151
 

The Economic Superpowers and the Environment: The United States, the Soviet Union, and Japan, Donald R. Kelley, Kenneth R. Stunkel and Richard R. Wescott
Reviewed by Laura M. Lake

pp. 151-153
 

Taming the Giant Corporation, Ralph Nader, Mark Green and Joel Seligman
Reviewed by Robert Lekachman

pp. 153-154
 

Protecting Consumer Interests: Private Initiative and Public Response, Robert N. Katz
Reviewed by Douglas E. Rosenthal

pp. 154-155
 

Reforming Public Welfare: A Critique of the Negative Income Tax Experiment, Peter H. Rossi and Katharine C. Lyall
Reviewed by Stephen David

pp. 156-157
 

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics of American Jewry, Daniel J. Elazar
Reviewed by Lawrence H. Fuchs

pp. 157-159
 

The Poverty of Power: Energy and the Economic Crisis, Barry Commoner
Reviewed by Allen L. Hammond

pp. 159-160
 

The Oil Crisis, Raymond Vernon
Reviewed by Jane Perry Clark Care

pp. 160-161
 

Dispersing Population: What America Can Learn from Europe, James L. Sundquist
Reviewed by Donald F. Heisel

pp. 162-163
 

American Farm Policy 1948-1973, Willard W. Cochrane and Mary E. Ryan
Reviewed by Fred H. Sanderson

pp. 163-165
 

Peace Soldiers: The Sociology of a United Nations Military Force, Charles C. Moskos
Reviewed by George L. Sherry

pp. 165-167
 

Comparative Public Policy: The Politics of Social Choice in Europe and America, Arnold J. Heidenheimer, Hugh Heclo and Carolyn Teich Adams
Reviewed by Robert C. Fried

pp. 167-168
 

Planning, Politics and Public Policy: The British, French, and Italian Experience, Jack Hayward and Michael Watson
Reviewed by Joseph LaPalombara

pp. 168-170
 

Germany and the Politics of Nuclear Weapons, Catherine McArdle Kelleher
Reviewed by Peter H. Merkl

pp. 170-172
 

Portugal: Fifty Years of Dictatorship, Antonio de Figueiredo
Reviewed by George W. Grayson

pp. 172-174
 

Spain in the 1970s: Economics, Social Structure, Foreign Policy, William T. Salisbury and James D. Theberge
Reviewed by Gabriel Tortella-Casares

pp. 174-175
 

Arms for the Arabs: The Soviet Union and War in the Middle East, John D. Glassman
Reviewed by Robert O. Freedman

pp. 175-177
 

Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography, Volume One: 1889-1947, Sarvepalli Gopal
Reviewed by Leonard A. Gordon

pp. 177-178
 

The Politics of Cultural Pluralism, Crawford Young
Reviewed by L. Gray Cowan

pp. 178-180
 

A Cricket in the Thorn Tree: Helen Suzman and the Progressive Party, Joanna Strangwayes-Booth
Reviewed by John Stone

pp. 180-181
 

Japanese Urbanism: Industry and Politics in Kariya, 1872-1972, Gary D. Allinson
Reviewed by James W. White

pp. 181-183
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