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Volume 93 - Number 1 - Spring 1978

 

Staffing the Presidency: Premature Notes on the New Administration
Richard E. Neustadt reviews President Carter's reorganization of the Executive Office of the president, announced last July. Staff arrangements in and near the White House show both the stamp of inheritance and the impact of President Carter's own on staffing and organization.

pp. 1-9
 

Staffing the Presidency: An Insider's Comments
Harrison Wellford, a member of Carter's reorganization team, comments on Neustadt's observations from an "insider's" point of view.

pp. 10-12
 

A January 1978 Postscript
In a short postscript, NEUSTADT reflects on developments in the Carter Executive Office since last September.

pp. 12-14
 

Presidential Cabinet Making: Lessons for the Political System
Nelson W. Polsby suggests that the pattern of appointments in the Carter cabinet shows a type of presidential leadership that the Nixon presidency did not put out of style. The causes of President Carter's brand of leadership are traced to the Democratic nomination process, however, rather than to attitudes about presidential authority that Carter evidently does not share with former president Nixon.

pp. 15-25
 

West Germany: Problems and Prospects
Lewis J. Edinger takes a long-range look at West German domestic and foreign. He holds that the present political system appears firmly established, severely tested by conflicts over military, economic, and internal

pp. 27-34
 

Partisan Orientation and Political Socialization in Britain, France, and the United States
Greg A. Caldeira and Fred I. Greenstein present evidence on trends in adults' party attachments and on children's orientations to political parties in Britain, France, and the United States. Their findings cast doubt on recent assertions that Fifth Republic France has become a nation of party identifiers and strongly suggest that there are wide variations in the qualitative content of the partisan orientations that citizens in each of the nations acquire in the course of political socialization.

pp. 35-49
 

Divisions and Dissent: Democrats and Foreign Policy, 1952-1956
Gary W. Reichard traces the evolution of Democratic party thought and action on significant foreign policy issues during the first Eisenhower administration. Refuting the idea that bipartisanship prevailed in foreign policy during the 1950s, he describes how Democratic leaders differed with Eisenhower's policies from 1952 to 1956 and why they developed a coherent alternative policy of their own after 1956.

pp. 51-72
 

Paine, America, and the "Modernization" of Political Consciousness
Jack P. Greene argues that Thomas Paine's larger significance can only be understood in terms of his contributions to the modernization of political consciousness that occurred during the last decades of the eighteenth century. More specifically, Greene contends that Paine played a key role in bringing about two crucial political developments: the mobilization of large segments of society that had previously been politically inert and the desacralization of the traditional political order.

pp. 73-92
 

Threat Perception in International Crisis
Raymond Cohen compares six examples of threat perception in international crisis that occurred over the past 100 years. He concludes that a common factor which influenced the relevant decision makers' selection and interpretation of evidence was the appraisal that there had been a breach of "rules of the game" among the states involved.

pp. 93-107
 

The Cloud of Danger: Current Realities of American Foreign Policy, George F. Kennan ; Defending America, Theodore Draper
Reviewed by Walter LaFeber

pp. 109-110
 

Conflict and Crisis: The Presidency of Harry S. Truman, 1945-1948, Robert J. Donovan
Reviewed by Norman Markowitz

pp. 110-111
 

Adlai Stevenson and the World: The Life of Adlai Stevenson, John Bartlow Martin ; The Papers of Adlai Stevenson, vol. VII: Continuing Education and the Unfinished Business of American Society, 1957-1961, Walter Johnson, Carol Evans and C. Eric Sears
Reviewed by James T. Patterson

pp. 112-113
 

The Empire of Reason: How Europe Imagined and America Realized the Enlightenment, Henry Steele Commager
Reviewed by D. Grier Stephenson, Jr.

pp. 113-114
 

The Limits of Legitimacy: Political Contradictions of Contemporary Capitalism, Alan Wolfe
Reviewed by Robert Lekachman

pp. 114-115
 

Women and Equality: Changing Patterns in American Culture, William H. Chafe
Reviewed by Annette K. Baxter

pp. 116-117
 

Government by Judiciary: The Transformation of the Fourteenth Amendment, Raoul Berger
Reviewed by David Fellman

pp. 117-119
 

Constitutional Counter-Revolution? The Warren Court and the Burger Court: Judicial Policy Making in Modern America, Richard Y. Funston
Reviewed by Robert J. Steamer

pp. 119-120
 

Pragmatism, Statesmanship, and the Supreme Court, Gary J. Jacobsohn
Reviewed by C. Herman Pritchett

pp. 120-122
 

The Brotherhood of Oil: Energy Policy and the Public Interest, Robert Engler ; The Evolution of OPEC Strategy, Fariborz Ghadar
Reviewed by Linda B. Miller

pp. 122-123
 

Mission for Hammarskjold: The Congo Crisis, Rajeshwar Dayal
Reviewed by George L. Sherry

pp. 123-125
 

Science, Technology and Society: A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective, Ina Spiegel-Rösing
Reviewed by Bernard Barber

pp. 125-127
 

Beyond the Crisis, Norman Birnbaum
Reviewed by Lewis A. Coser

pp. 127-128
 

Interpretations of Fascism, Renzo De Felice and Brenda Huff Everett
Reviewed by Stanley G. Payne

pp. 128-130
 

Terrorism: From Robespierre to Arafat, Albert Parry
Reviewed by Richard Libman-Rubenstein

pp. 130-131
 

The Totalitarian Temptation, Jean-François Revel
Reviewed by Eugene Victor Wolfenstein

pp. 131-132
 

Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Reviewed by Peter F. Cowhey

pp. 132-134
 

Decision Making: A Psychological Analysis of Conflict, Choice, and Commitment, Irving Janis and Leon Mann
Reviewed by Robert L. Jervis

pp. 134-135
 

The Superpowers and Their Spheres of Influence: The United States and the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe and Latin America, Edy Kaufman
Reviewed by Jan Triska

pp. 135-136
 

President Eisenhower and Strategy Management: A Study in Defense Politics, Douglas Kinnard
Reviewed by Gary W. Reichard

pp. 136-137
 

The War Managers, Douglas Kinnard
Reviewed by Jerome Slater

pp. 138-139
 

Preparing for the Next War: American Plans for Postwar Defense, 1941-45, Michael S. Sherry
Reviewed by David A. Rosenberg

pp. 139-140
 

Unionizing the Armed Forces, Ezra A. Krendel and Bernard L. Samoff
Reviewed by William J. Taylor

pp. 140-142
 

Policy Analysts in the Bureaucracy, Arnold J. Meltsner
Reviewed by Francis E. Rourke

pp. 142-143
 

The Participatory Bureaucracy, Harry Kranz
Reviewed by Jeffrey Manditch Prottas

pp. 143-144
 

Revenue Sharing: The Second Round, Richard P. Nathan and Charles F. Adams
Reviewed by Joseph F. Zimmerman

pp. 144-145
 

Urban Politics and the Criminal Courts, Martin A. Levin
Reviewed by Malcolm M. Feeley

pp. 146-147
 

Bail Reform in America, Wayne H. Thomas
Reviewed by Albert B. Bishop

pp. 147-148
 

The Courts and Social Policy, Donald L. Horowitz
Reviewed by Jerry Goldman

pp. 148-149
 

The Insoluble Problems of Crime, Robert P. Rhodes
Reviewed by Samuel Walker

pp. 150-151
 

Black Odyssey: The Afro-American Ordeal in Slavery, Nathan Irvin Huggins
Reviewed by Andrew Billingsley

pp. 151-152
 

Mass Society and the Extension of Welfare, 1960-1970, Kirsten A. Grønbjerg
Reviewed by Dorothy B. James

pp. 152-153
 

Social Security: Promise and Reality, Rita Ricardo Campbell
Reviewed by Alicia H. Munnell

pp. 153-154
 

The Case for the Welfare State: From Social Security to Social Equality, Norman Furniss and Timothy Tilton
Reviewed by Carolyn Teich Adams

pp. 154-155
 

Economic Regulation and the Public Interest: The Federal Trade Commission in Theory and Practice, Alan Stone
Reviewed by William R. Childs

pp. 155-156
 

Technocracy and the American Dream: The Technocrat Movement, 1900-1941, William E. Akin
Reviewed by Daniel J. Leab

pp. 157-158
 

The Behavior of State Legislative Parties in the Jacksonian Era: New Jersey, 1829-1844, Peter D. Levine
Reviewed by Kim T. Phillips

pp. 158-159
 

Japan: The Paradox of Progress, Lewis Austin
Reviewed by Shumpei Okamoto

pp. 159-161
 

Parties Out of Power in Japan, 1931-1941, Gordon Mark Berger
Reviewed by Nobutaka Ike

pp. 161-162
 

Chinese Politics and the Cultural Revolution: Dynamics of Policy Processes, Byung-joon Ahn
Reviewed by David M. Lampton

pp. 162-163
 

Comrade Chiang Ch'ing, Roxane Witke
Reviewed by Anne F. Thurston

pp. 163-164
 

Bureaucrats, Politicians, and Peasants in Mexico: A Case Study in Public Policy, Merilee Serrill Grindle
Reviewed by Robert E. Scott

pp. 164-165
 

Peruvian Democracy under Economic Stress: An Account of the Belaunde Administration, 1963-1968, Pedro-Pablo Kuczynski
Reviewed by Cynthia McClintock

pp. 166-167
 

The Military Coup D'Etat as a Political Process, Ecuador, 1948-1966, John Samuel Fitch
Reviewed by Robert R. Kaufman

pp. 167-168
 

Soldiers in Politics: Military Coups and Governments, Eric A. Nordlinger
Reviewed by John Samuel Fitch

pp. 168-169
 

Latin America in the International Political System, G. Pope Atkins
Reviewed by Jeffrey Hart

pp. 170-171
 

The Politics of South Africa: Democracy and Racial Diversity, Howard Brotz
Reviewed by John Stone

pp. 171-172
 

Technology, World Politics and American Policy, Victor Basiuk
Reviewed by Edith Brown Weiss

pp. 173-174
 

The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire: From the First Century A. D. to the Third, Edward Luttwak
Reviewed by Eliot Cohen

pp. 174-175
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