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Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Presidential Elections: The Historical Record
David R. Mayhew examines U.S. presidential elections from 1788 through 2004. He highlights the importance of incumbency advantage. He concludes that in-office parties have kept the White House two-thirds of the time when they have run incumbent candidates, but they have fared only 50-50 in open-seat elections.

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Constituency Representation in Congress: The View from Capitol Hill, Kristina C. Miler Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

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Politicians Don't Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness, Robert Y. Shapiro and Lawrence R. Jacobs Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

Democracy at the Polls: A Comparative Study of Competitive National Elections, Austin Ranney, David Butler and Howard R. Penniman Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

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Money and Poltics

April 6, 2020

This event is part of the nearly yearlong Challenges and Opportunities in 2020 election series.  The series fosters interdisciplinary conversations exploring themes affecting the upcoming election and trust in our democratic institutions.


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With neither an ideological nor a partisan bias, PSQ looks at facts and analyzes data objectively to help readers understand what is really going on in national and world affairs.

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