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Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Presidential Elections: The Historical Record
David R. Mayhew examines U.S. presidential elections from 1788 through 2004. He highlights the importance of incumbency advantage. He concludes that in-office parties have kept the White House two-thirds of the time when they have run incumbent candidates, but they have fared only 50-50 in open-seat elections.

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Constituency Representation in Congress: The View from Capitol Hill, Kristina C. Miler Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

The Opposition Presidency: Leadership and the Constraints of History, David A. Crockett Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

Politicians Don't Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness, Robert Y. Shapiro and Lawrence R. Jacobs Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

Democracy at the Polls: A Comparative Study of Competitive National Elections, Austin Ranney, David Butler and Howard R. Penniman Reviewed by David R. Mayhew

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ROBERT Y. SHAPIRO

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Social Policy and Political Institutions

The Dual Agenda of African American Organizations since the New Deal: Social Welfare Policies and Civil Rights
Dona Cooper Hamilton and Charles V. Hamilton

American Political Institutions after Watergate--A Discussion
DEMETRIOS CARALEY, CHARLES V. HAMILTON, ALPHEUS T. MASON, ROBERT A. McCAUGHEY, NELSON W. POLSBY, JEFFREY L. PRESSMAN, ARTHUR M. SCHLESINGER, JR., GEORGE L. SHERRY, AND TOM WICKER

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Publishing since 1886, PSQ is the most widely read and accessible scholarly journal with distinguished contributors such as: Lisa Anderson, Robert A. Dahl, Samuel P. Huntington, Robert Jervis, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Theda Skocpol, Woodrow Wilson

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With neither an ideological nor a partisan bias, PSQ looks at facts and analyzes data objectively to help readers understand what is really going on in national and world affairs.

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