Threat and Use of Force In American Foreign Policy

October 28, 1999
School of International and Public Affairs
Columbia University
420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027

Dr. Blechman and Ms. Wittes discussed their chapter from our book, The New American Interventionism: Lessons from Successes and Failures, edited by Demetrios James Caraley (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999). They examined the uses of military threats and military interventions in the Bush and first Clinton administrations. Based on case studies and interviews with U.S. decision-makers, they have concluded that domestic and international political constraints are preventing U.S. leaders from making threats decisive enough to persuade foreign leaders to comply with U.S. demands. Their article, "Defining Moment: Threat and Use of Force in American Foreign Policy," also appeared in the Spring 1999 issue of the Political Science Quarterly.


Demetrios James Caraley
Editor, Political Science Quarterly
Professor of Political Science
Barnard College, Columbia University


Kimberly Zisk
Professor of Political Science
Barnard College, Columbia University


Dr. Barry Blechman
President, DFI International
Chairman, Henry L. Stimson Center

Tamara Cofman Wittes
Department of Political Science
Georgetown University

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