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Volume 104 - Number 4 - Winter 1989-90

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The Dynamics of Presidential Reality Testing: Evidence from Two Vietnam Decisions
Fred I. Greenstein and John P. Burke explore the preconditions for effective use of advice and information in presidential decision making. They compare and contrast the responses of the Eisenhower administration in 1954 and of the Johnson administration in 1965 to an incipient Communist victory in Vietnam.

pp. 557-580

Legislative Influence v. Presidential Dominance: Competing Models of Bureaucratic Control
William F. West and Joseph Cooper critically examine prescriptive theories of congressional and presidential oversight of the bureaucracy. They argue that the emergent model of executive hegemony is based on faulty empirical premises concerning institutional performance and faulty normative premises concerning institutional roles.

pp. 581-606

Sheltering the Homeless in New York City: Expansion in an Era of Government Contraction
Donna Wilson Kirchheimer assesses the proximate political factors that caused the New York City government to expand emergency shelters for homeless persons during 1978-1988, a period dominated by governmental retrenchment. She concludes that three factors were most influential: the rise of a new policy community about homelessness, the media agenda, and the response of state courts to a litigation campaign.

pp. 607-623

Nonprofit Organizations, Government, and the Welfare State
Michael Lipsky and Steven Rathgeb Smith examine the growing use of nonprofit service organizations to deliver public services. They show that despite rhetoric to the contrary that stresses the value of voluntarism, these nonprofit organizations are heavily dependent on government funding and have little independent financial capacity to service broad populations.

pp. 625-648

Privatization in the United States: Theory and Practice
Jeffrey R. Henig analyzes the intellectual underpinnings of the privatization movement in the United States. He argues that privatization proponents misinterpret the implications of using market mechanisms -- primarily by local governments -- to provide limited public services. This misinterpretation is used to justify their broader, more ideological claims for cutting back the responsibilities of government as a whole.

pp. 649-670

Domestic Pressures and the Politics of Exit: Trends in Soviet Emigration Policy
Laurie P. Salitan examines the reasons for large-scale Soviet Jewish emigration in the 1970s and 1980s. She argues that a variety of domestic, rather than international, constraints are the primary determinants of Soviet emigration policy.

pp. 671-687

Moving Targets: Nuclear Strategy and National Security, Scott D. Sagan
Reviewed by Richard Ned Lebow

pp. 689-690

Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation, Alfred Stepan
Reviewed by Jorge I. Dominguez

pp. 690-692

Lyndon Johnson's War, Larry Berman
Reviewed by James J. Best

pp. 692-693

Limits to Soviet Power, Rajan Menon and Daniel N. Nelson
Reviewed by Philip W. Dyer

pp. 693-695

Strategic Intelligence for American National Security, Allan E. Goodman and Bruce D. Berkowitz
Reviewed by Ray S. Cline

pp. 695-696

The Gulf War: The Origins and Implications of the Iran-Iraq Conflict, Majid Khadduri
Reviewed by Charles Kupchan

pp. 696-697

Arms Control: Theory and Practice, Michael J. Sheehan
Reviewed by Manfred Halpern

pp. 697-698

The Defence of White Power: South African Foreign Policy under Pressure, Robert Scott Jaster
Reviewed by Crawford Young

pp. 698-700

The Rise of the Greek Socialist Party, Michalis Spourdalakis
Reviewed by Adamantia Pollis

pp. 700-701

Dilemmas of Presidential Leadership from Washington through Lincoln, Aaron Wildavsky and Richard Ellis
Reviewed by Erwin C. Hargrove

pp. 702-703

The Election of 1988: Reports and Interpretations, Gerald M. Pomper
Reviewed by James L. Sundquist

pp. 703-704

The Carter Implosion: Jimmy Carter and the Amateur Style of Diplomacy, Donald S. Spencer
Reviewed by Robert A. Divine

pp. 704-706

The Trusteeship Presidency: Jimmy Carter and the United States Congress, Charles O. Jones
Reviewed by George C. Edwards III

pp. 706-707

Broken Purse Strings: Congressional Budgeting, 1974-88, Rudolph G. Penner and Allan J. Abramson
Reviewed by Louis Fisher

pp. 707-709

Privatization and the Welfare State, Alfred J. Kahn and Sheila B. Kamerman
Reviewed by Jeffrey R. Henig

pp. 709-711

The Rise of the Entrepreneurial State: State and Local Economic Development Policy in the United States, Peter K. Eisinger
Reviewed by Paul E. Peterson

pp. 711-712

Welfare Policy for the 1990s, Phoebe H. Cottingham and David T. Ellwood
Reviewed by Sheila B. Kamerman

pp. 712-714

The Making of a Senator: Dan Quayle, Richard F. Fenno, Jr.
Reviewed by Steven S. Smith

pp. 714-715

The Press and the Carter Presidency, Mark J. Rozell
Reviewed by Doris A. Graber

pp. 715-717

Jesse Jackson and the Politics of Charisma: The Rise and Fall of the PUSH/ Excel Program, Ernest R. House
Reviewed by Dianne M. Pinderhughes

pp. 717-718

Constitutional Cultures: The Mentality and Consequences of Judicial Review, Robert F. Nagel
Reviewed by C. Herman Pritchett

pp. 718-720

Legitimacy and Force: State Papers and Current Perspectives, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
Reviewed by Tom J. Farer

pp. 720-722

The Fourteenth Amendment: From Political Principle to Judicial Doctrine, William E. Nelson
Reviewed by Frank J. Macchiarola

pp. 722-723

Blacks and Social Change: Impact of the Civil Rights Movement in Southern Communities, James W. Button
Reviewed by Wilbur C. Rich

pp. 723-724

The Presidential Veto: Touchstone of the American Presidency, Robert J. Spitzer
Reviewed by Richard A. Watson

pp. 725-726

Equity and Gender: The Comparable Worth Debate, Ellen Frankel Paul
Reviewed by Suzanne Donovan

pp. 726-727

The Decline and Fall of the Liberal Republicans from 1952 to the Present, Nicol C. Rae
Reviewed by William Crotty

pp. 728-729

Besieged Bedfellows: Israel and Land of Apartheid, Benjamin M. Joseph
Reviewed by Shlomo Slonim

pp. 729-730

Out from Underdevelopment: Prospects for the Third World, James H. Mittelman
Reviewed by Peter Koehn

pp. 730-732

Scientific Management, Socialist Discipline, and Soviet Power, Mark R. Beisinger
Reviewed by Thomas F. Remington

pp. 732-734

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