Political Power and Economic Inequality: A Comparative Policy Approach, Charles F. Andrain
This is a book that investigates the effects of public policies on inequality in developed and developing countries by offering a clear-cut argument: neoliberal economic policies empower the haves and increase the collaboration between them and political elites, thus leading to higher inequality. In contrast, the Keynesian economic policies that Charles F. Andrain advocates are oriented toward distributing wealth to the have-nots, thus leading to the greater economic equality that exists in some European and other countries.
Chapter 1 starts by dividing the perspectives on inequality into two major views: neoliberalism and Keynesianism. According to the latter, in a globalized economy, unless governments invest in education, health care, and welfare programs, the inevitable consequence is economic inequality. If the have-nots lack resources that enable them to challenge existing inequalities, Andrain argues, social democratic/leftist parties, unions, social movements, and prowelfare actors should work together to produce public policies that empower the have-nots.
Subsequent chapters examine the relationship between public policies and income inequality in wealthy nations and in non-Western countries and regions such as South Korea, India, Turkey, and central Europe. The book then argues that major international organizations and multi
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