When authoritarian regimes collapse, the protestors who take to the streets, risking the government’s wrath, or liberalizing elites are generally lauded as the heroes of democratization. Yet militaries are often decisive actors in determining whether regimes endure or perish, choosing whether to protect the government, refuse repression, or even actively pursue the leader’s ouster. In this book, Terence Lee seeks to explain why militaries choose to either “defect or defend” when authoritarian governments face virulent political protests. To do so, he examines two cases of military defection and regime collapse, the Philippines and Indonesia, and two cases in which militaries repressed popular protests and successfully defended the regime, China and Burma (Myanmar). Lee provides impressive detail about the relevant events and decision making in these cases, utilizing revealing interview material to substantiate his arguments. This rich case material suggests that some of the concepts and theories could be further refined, potentially helping explain the outliers that the author refers to in the conclusion.
Lee’s primary argument is that militaries are more inclined to divide and defect in instances with “personalistic” rule and much less likely to do so when authoritarian regimes develop “power-sharing institutions
To continue reading, see options above.
Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela: A Comparative Perspective, Harold A. Trinkunas Reviewed by Deborah L. Norden
Consent, Dissent, and Patriotism, Margaret Levi Reviewed by Deborah L. Norden
Taking on Goliath: The Emergence of a New Left Party and the Struggle for Democracy in Mexico, Kathleen Bruhn Reviewed by Deborah L. Norden
Business and Democracy in Latin America, Ernest Bartell and Leigh A. Payne, eds. Reviewed by Deborah L. Nordenmore by this author
Join the Academy of Political Science and automatically receive Political Science Quarterly.
Women and Politics
Publishing since 1886, PSQ is the most widely read and accessible scholarly journal with distinguished contributors such as: Lisa Anderson, Robert A. Dahl, Samuel P. Huntington, Robert Jervis, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Theda Skocpol, Woodrow Wilsonview additional issues
Articles | Book reviews
PRESIDENTIAL SELECTION AND DEMOCRACY
The Academy of Political Science, promotes objective, scholarly analyses of political, social, and economic issues. Through its conferences and publications APS provides analysis and insight into both domestic and foreign policy issues.
With neither an ideological nor a partisan bias, PSQ looks at facts and analyzes data objectively to help readers understand what is really going on in national and world affairs.