As protesters swarmed the streets of Middle Eastern capitals in 2011, observers wondered whether Tiananmen Square would mirror Tahrir Square. Yet the streets of the Beijing have remained quiet. Why has Hosni Mubarak’s Egyptian regime collapsed while the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has survived?
In this timely, important addition to the literature on authoritarian resilience, Jeremy Wallace argues that Beijing’s skillful management of urbanization—especially in the four decades since China has pursued industrialization and market reforms—helps explain the regime’s endurance. Large cities are dangerous for nondemocratic regimes: they bring many people together in close proximity to one another, increasing the potential for collective action and undermining officials’ attempts to understand and control the population. But cities are also engines of industrialization and economic growth—a crucial source of regime legitimacy. As a result, Wallace argues, regimes often choose to make a “Faustian bargain” (p. 7), pursuing urban-biased policies that placate major city dwellers in the short term but increase the risk of instability in the long term by encouraging rural residents to migrate to major cities.
Two chapters analyze cross-national quantitative data to support these arguments, showing that urba
To continue reading, see options above.
Join the Academy of Political Science and automatically receive Political Science Quarterly.
North Korea and the West
Publishing since 1886, PSQ is the most widely read and accessible scholarly journal with distinguished contributors such as: Lisa Anderson, Robert A. Dahl, Samuel P. Huntington, Robert Jervis, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Theda Skocpol, Woodrow Wilsonview additional issues
CONTINUING ISSUES IN U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
Articles | Book reviews
The Academy of Political Science, promotes objective, scholarly analyses of political, social, and economic issues. Through its conferences and publications APS provides analysis and insight into both domestic and foreign policy issues.
With neither an ideological nor a partisan bias, PSQ looks at facts and analyzes data objectively to help readers understand what is really going on in national and world affairs.