Super Continent: The Logic of Eurasian Integration, Kent E. Calder
The argument outlined in this book casts a clear focus on the transformation of Eurasia—where British intellectual Sir Halford Mackinder first placed the pivotal position on the global landscape before the outbreak of World War I. According to Mackinder’s view, whichever great power controlled the core of Eurasia, referred to as the “heartland,” would dominate the globe subsequently. Mackinder’s metaphorical lecture has not proven right throughout history, but now China’s play for supremacy in Eurasia is reviving his old geo-strategic subject.
Kent E. Calder could have had a similar idea in mind, but the theoretical front of Super Continent is extensively analytical. One of Calder’s worthy contributions is to demonstrate how the synergistic interaction between geographic connectivity and industrial complementarity redefines the global power structure. Contrary to what many might expect, the author finds that the new Eurasian continentalism is driven not by the familiar dynamics of alliance formation or endogenous growth but by the unparalleled scale of the economic corridor, a core product of China’s geo-economic initiative.
This kind of framework has been absent from current discussions of foreign policy, which postulate that world order is the result of power balancing by states. According to
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