Early View articles are fully edited articles published online
before inclusion in an issue of the
Political Science Quarterly.
The Psychological Roots of Public Opinion toward a Militant Group: The Case of Pakistani Lashkar-e-Tayyaba
KARL KALTENTHALER and C. CHRISTINE FAIR explore the sources of public sympathy in Pakistan for Lashkar-e-Tayyaba. They argue that the most common and widely distributed factor influencing individual sympathy with a militant group is the expectation that the militant group will bestow a sense of personal significance on that individual. Using data from a 2014 survey of Pakistanis, they find that the quest for personal significance is the most important factor driving sympathy for the militant group.
The Geopolitical Consequences of COVID-19: Assessing Hawkish Mass Opinion in China
JOSHUA BYUN, D.G. KIM, and Sichen Li examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Chinese public’s foreign policy attitudes. Drawing on original surveys fielded in China during the first six months of the global pandemic, they find that ordinary Chinese citizens are conspicuously optimistic about China’s future position in the global balance of power, and that this optimism corresponds well with the widespread perception that the COVID-19 pandemic is accelerating China’s rise relative to the United States.
After Trump: Enemies, Partisans, and Recovery
Christopher J. Fettweis discusses what political polarization in the United States has in common with the relationship between the Cold War superpowers. It argues that in both cases the “enemy image” warps perception of the other side and prevents meaningful reconciliation. Applying insight from international relations to U.S. domestic politics, he discusses the pernicious effects of the enemy image and how to overcome it.
Narrowing the Academic-Policy Divide: Will New Media Bridge the Gap?
PAUL C. AVEY, MICHAEL C. DESCH, Ana Petrova, and STEVEN LLOYD WILSON analyze the degree to which blogs and other online new media translate and disseminate scholarship to foreign policy officials. They find that while policymakers reported visiting blogs and at least some new media sites, they tended to visit sites that included a wider variety of non-academic contributors or had a prominent non-academic institutional or media affiliation and did so primarily as a supplementary news source, not to engage with academic findings. They also find that policymakers rated blogs and strictly online news sources as about as useful as scholarly journal articles and academic books. They conclude that scholars must consider both the content of their underlying research and the type of outlet when attempting to engage broader audiences using it.
Review Essay: Making America Great Again? Individualism, Community, and Enlightened Self-Interest in the United States
Michael X. Delli Carpini reviews Robert Putnam’s The Upswing. He finds Putnam’s argument – that American democracy requires a balance between individualism and communitarianism – and his evidence that this balance produced positive effects through the first 60 years of the twentieth century, insightful and convincing, but raises concerns that this “data driven narrative” silos issues of race and gender, overstates the negative consequences of the political and cultural movements of the 1960s, and downplays the importance of political struggle and power in both the “upswings” and the “downswings” that Putnam documents.
Give Peace a Chance: A Review Essay
Richard H. Immerman’S review essay of John Mueller’s The Stupidity of War assesses the arguments as insightful, compelling, and in the current international environment, essentially reading. Yet he concludes that a final judgment on Mueller’s claims about America’s farcical U.S. behavior throughout the Cold War and after requires answers to questions Mueller leaves unaddressed.
How to Cure the Ills of Contemporary American Democracy? A Review Essay
Morris Fiorina reviews Lee Drutman’s book, Breaking the Two Party Doom Loop: The Case for Multiparty Democracy. While he agrees with much of Drutman’s diagnosis of what has gone wrong with American politics, Fiorina is skeptical that the reforms proposed in Drutman’s Save American Democracy Act could be adopted, and would have as positive an impact as Drutman believes in the unlikely event that they are adopted.