Whither the American Party System?
JAMES SUNDQUIST offers his explanation of the shifts in the basic strength of the Democratic and Republican parties over the past 40 years. Looking ahead he anticipates not an inevitable disintegration of the party system, but a reversal of the current trend toward political independence and a rebirth and reinforcement of party loyalties along lines of cleavage resembling those of the New Deal era.
Separation of Powers and Executive Privilege: The Watergate Briefs
Demetrios James Caraley AND Frances Penn introduce the original legal briefs filed in the historic lawsuit to obtain for grand jury use the tape recordings of presidential conversations concerning the Watergate break-in. While President Nixon's attorneys argue in their brief that if disclosure of the tapes can be compelled by the courts "the damage to the institution of the Presidency will be severe and irreparable," the brief of the Special Watergate Prosecutor contends that "even the highest executive officials are subject to the rule of law" and "there is no exception for the President from the guiding principle that the public, in pursuit of justice, has a right to every man's evidence."
Post-Reconstruction Suffrage Restrictions in Tennessee: A New Look at the V. O. Key Thesis
J. Morgan Kousser analyzes suffrage restrictions enacted in post-Reconstruction Tennessee. Although the leading authority on southern politics, the late V.O. Key, Jr., suggested that in many states legal restrictions came after suppression of the black vote had become a fait accompli through violence and social pressure, the Tennessee example shows that the Key thesis may require modification.
Political Socialization of Children in the USSR
Robert W. Clawson argues that the various Soviet leaderships from the revolution to the present have had little success in altering child-rearing practices in Russia through direct political programs. This is paradoxical given the prescriptions in Marxist doctrine for changing fundamentally the role of the family as a child-rearing unit and assigning to the state extensive responsibilities for shaping the attitudes of children.
British Political Biography as History
Stephen E. Koss surveys the crowded field of recently published British political biographies, illuminating major trends and evaluating the collective contribution of biographical writing to the study of history.
Reflections on Writing Biography of Public Men
The late Lindsay Rogers, in a foreword prepared for his projected biography of Nicholas Murray Butler, reflects on the different styles that have been used and the problems encountered in writing biographies of public figures.
The Human Meaning of Social Change, Angus Campbell and Philip E. Converse Reviewed by Lewis A. Coser
Luce and His Empire, W. A. Swanberg Reviewed by Edward W. Barrett
The New Federalism, Michael D. Reagan ;
Implementation--How Great Expectations in Washington Are Dashed in Oakland; Or, Why It's Amazing that Federal Programs Work At All, This Being a Saga of the Economic Development Administration as Told by Two Sympathetic Observers Who Seek to Build Morals on a Foundation of Ruined Hopes, Aaron B. Wildavsky and Jeffrey L. Pressman Reviewed by James L. Sundquist
The Women Citizen, J. Stanley Lemons ;
Women, Resistance and Revolution, Sheila Rowbotham Reviewed by Annette K. Baxter
Incentives and Planning in Social Policy, Bruno Stein and S. M. Miller Reviewed by Alfred J. Kahn
The Hidden Injuries of Class, Richard Sennett and Jonathan Cobb Reviewed by T. H. Marshall
The Bracero Program: Interest Groups and Foreign Policy, Richard B. Craig Reviewed by Carey McWilliams
Reforming School Finance, Robert D. Reischauer, Robert W. Hartman and Daniel J. Sullivan Reviewed by Donna E. Shalala
The Analysis of Subjective Culture, Harry Triandis, Vasso Vassiliou, George Vassiliou, Yasumasa Tanaka and A. V. Shanmugam Reviewed by William W. Lambert
American Policy and the Division of Germany: The Clash with Russia over Reparations, Bruce Kuklick Reviewed by John Gimbel
The Semblance of Peace: The Political Settlement After the Second World War, John W. Wheeler-Bennett and Anthony Nicholls Reviewed by Robert A. Divine
The Papers of Alexander Hamilton, Vols. XVI and XVII, Harold C. Syrett Reviewed by Paul Goodman
Slavery and the Annexation of Texas, Frederick Merk ;
The South and the Concurrent Majority, David M. Potter Reviewed by Harold M. Hyman
Abolitionism: A New Perspective, Gerald Sorin ;
Bound with Them in Chains: A Biographical History of the Anti-slavery Movement, Jane H. Pease and William H. Pease Reviewed by Lewis Perry
Leon Trotsky on Britain, George Novack Reviewed by Graham Wootton
Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940-1944, Robert O. Paxton Reviewed by Gordon Wright
Hitler's War Aims: Ideology, the Nazi State, and the Course of Expansion, Norman Rich Reviewed by Hans W. Gatzke
Fascist Italy, William Ebenstein Reviewed by Joseph LaPalombara
The Changing Party Elite in East Germany, Peter C. Ludz Reviewed by Peter H. Merkl
Roman Dmowski, Andrzej Micewski Reviewed by Stanislaw Dabrowski
Stalin as a Revolutionary, 1879-1929, Robert C. Tucker Reviewed by Robert G. Wesson
The Political Elite of Iran, Marvin Zonis Reviewed by Nikki Keddie
The United States, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, W. Norman Brown ;
Pakistan's Foreign Policy, S. M. Burke Reviewed by Howard Wriggins