Rating the Presidents: Washington to Clinton
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. reports on a recent poll of scholars rating American presidents following the model of polls taken by his father, Arthur M. Schlesinger, in 1948 and 1962. Extrapolating from these poll results, he concludes that only presidents who did not stick to the middle-of-the-road but showed boldness and creativity were ranked among the "Greats" and "Near Greats."
Turkey-The Return of the Reluctant Generals?
Ben Lombardi reviews developments currently affecting Turkish politics. He compares current trends with events in Turkey that preceded the three military coups in 1960, 1971, and 1980, and suggests that intervention in that country's domestic politics by the armed forces is a distinct possibility.
Race and Social Welfare Policy: The Social Security Act of 1935
Gareth Davies and Martha Derthick criticize scholarly claims that racial bias in the U.S. Congress accounts for decisions in 1935 not to cover agricultural and domestic workers under social insurance and not to enact a standard of need and assistance in Aid to Dependent Children. They argue that weighing in those decisions were also such factors as administrative feasibility, actuarial soundness, and interstate economic rivalry.
Interbranch Rivalry and the Reagan Doctrine in Nicaragua
James M. Scott examines the complex interactions of the White House, Congress, and the bureaucracy over U.S. policy toward Nicaragua during the Reagan administration. Based on the patterns of this case, he offers some conclusions about the way that American foreign policy making is understood.
The Constitutionality of the Presidential Line-Item Veto
Robert J. Spitzer criticizes arguments that the Constitution inherently provides the president with a line-item veto.
Arms Control and the Anglo-German Naval Race before World War I: Lessons for Today?
John H. Maurer looks at the failure of Great Britain and imperial Germany to reach a naval arms control agreement before World War I. He concludes that Britain and Germany could only have reached an agreement to curtail their naval competition by first resolving the underlying political and security conflicts-- a reality that still exists for other nations and other arms control agreements.
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, Samuel P. Huntington Reviewed by Robert Jervis
Friends or Rivals? The Insider's Account of U.S.-Japan Relations, Michael H. Armacost Reviewed by Andrew J. Rotter
Global Competition and Industrial Growth in Taiwan and the Philippines, Chen-Tian Kuo Reviewed by Xiangming Chen
Inside the Kremlin's Cold War: From Stalin to Khrushchev, Vladislav Zubok and Constantine Pleshakov Reviewed by Marshall D. Shulman
The Art of Bargaining, Richard Ned Lebow Reviewed by Christopher Gelpi
The New American Voter, Warren E. Miller and J. Merrill Shanks Reviewed by Robert Y. Shapiro
What Americans Know about Politics and Why It Matters, Scott Keeter and Michael X. Delli Carpini Reviewed by Eric R. A. N. Smith
Inequality by Design: Cracking the Bell Curve Myth, Claude S. Fischer, Michael Hout, Martin Sanchez Jankowski, Samuel R. Lucas, Ann Swidler and Kim Voss Reviewed by Lawrence Bobo
State Autonomy or Class Dominance? Case Studies on Policy Making in America, G. William Domhoff Reviewed by Edward W. Lehman
Ashes to Ashes: America's Hundred-Year Cigarette War, the Public Health, and the Unabashed Triumph of Philip Morris, Richard Kluger Reviewed by Wendy J. Schiller
The New Struggle for Democracy in Africa, John A. Wiseman Reviewed by Robert Fatton, Jr.
Serious Money: Fundraising and Contributing in Presidential Nomination Campaigns, Clifford W. Brown, Jr., Clyde Wilcox and Lynda Powell Reviewed by Jeffrey Milyo
Climbing the Hill: Gender Conflict in Congress, Karen Foerstel and Herbert N. Foerstel ;
Christie Whitman: A Political Biography for the People, Sandy McClure Reviewed by Roberta S. Siegel
Reversing Course: Carter's Foreign Policy, Domestic Politics, and the Failure of Reform, David Skidmore Reviewed by Joseph Lepgold
Boomerang: Clinton's Health Security Effort and the Turn against Government in U.S. Politics, Theda Skocpol Reviewed by Anne Lenhard Reisinger
Foreign Policy and Regionalism in the Americas, Gordon Mace and Jean-Philippe Therien, eds. Reviewed by Robert A. Pastor
Democracy and Diplomacy: The Impact of Domestic Politics on U.S. Foreign Policy, 1789-1994, Melvin Small Reviewed by T. Clifton Morgan
Crucible of Beliefs: Learning, Alliances, and World Wars, Dan Reiter Reviewed by Randall L. Schweller
Carter and Arms Sales: Implementing the Carter Administration's Arms Transfer Restraint Policy, Joanna Spear Reviewed by Stephanie G. Neuman
The Russian Army in a Time of Troubles, Pavel K. Baev Reviewed by Laura V. Swartz
After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States, Anatoly M. Khazanov Reviewed by Alfred J. Rieber
Drawing the Line: The American Decision to Divide Germany, 1944-1949, Carolyn Woods Eisenberg Reviewed by Loyd E. Lee
Roosevelt's Warrior: Harold L. Ickes and the New Deal, Jeanne Nienaber Clarke Reviewed by James W. Davis
The Search for Peace in Afghanistan: From Buffer State to Failed State, Barnett R. Rubin Reviewed by Raymond Callahan
The Arab Middle East and the United States: Inter-Arab Rivalry and Superpower Diplomacy, Burton I. Kaufman ;
Islam and the Myth of Confrontation: Religion and Politics in the Middle East, Fred Halliday Reviewed by Fawaz A. Gerges
Inside the Kremlin during the Yom Kippur War, Victor Israelyan Reviewed by Carol R. Saivetz
Wars, Internal Conflicts, and Political Order: A Jewish Democracy in the Middle East, Gad Barzilai Reviewed by Michael Barnett
Human Rights in the West Bank and Gaza: Legacy and Politics, Ilan Peleg Reviewed by James Ron
Secret War in the Middle East: The Covert Struggle for Syria, 1949-1961, Andrew Rathmell Reviewed by David W. Lesch
Military Rebellion in Argentina: Between Coups and Consolidation, Deborah L. Norden ;
The Army and Politics in Argentina, 1962-1973: From Frondizi's Fall to the Peronist Restoration, Robert A. Potash Reviewed by David Pion-Berlin
Authoritarianism in Latin America since Independence, Will Fowler, ed. Reviewed by Charles L. Stansifer
Anglo-American Relations in the Twentieth Century: Of Friendship, Conflict, and the Rise and Decline of Superpowers, Alan P. Dobson Reviewed by Roger Adelson
Hard Bargain: How FDR Twisted Churchill's Arm, Evaded the Law, and Changed the Role of the American Presidency, Robert Shogan Reviewed by Warren F. Kimball
The Pol Pot Regime: Race, Power, and Genocide in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, 1975-79, Ben Kiernan Reviewed by Douglas Pike
The Politics of German Child Welfare from the Empire to the Federal Republic, Edward Ross Dickinson Reviewed by Andrew Lees
SDP: The Birth, Life, and Death of the Social Democratic Party, Anthony King and Ivor Crewe Reviewed by Leon D. Epstein
Anatomy of a Dictatorship: Inside the GDR, Mary Fulbrook ;
Origins of a Spontaneous Revolution: East Germany, 1989, Karl-Dieter Opp, Peter Voss and Christiane Gern Reviewed by Melvin Croan
Gandhi's Peace Army: The Shanti Sena and Unarmed Peacekeeping, Thomas Weber Reviewed by Dennis Dalton
Building a Democratic Political Order: Reshaping American Liberalism in the 1930s and 1940s, David Plotke Reviewed by Edwin Amenta
What Employers Want: Job Prospects for Less-Educated Workers, Harry J. Holzer Reviewed by Hilary Williamson Hoynes
Rethinking Abortion: Equal Choice, the Constitution, and Reproductive Politics, Mark A. Graber Reviewed by David S. Meyer
Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership, Politics, and Culture in the Twentieth Century, Kevin K. Gaines Reviewed by Taeku Lee
Towards Illiberal Democracy in Pacific Asia, Daniel Bell, David Brown, Kanishka Jayasuriya and David Martin Jones Reviewed by Lee Feigon