The Transition to Republican Rule in the House: Implications for Theories of Congressional Politics
John H. Aldrich and David W. Rohde examine the revisions in the rules of the House of Representatives and the Republican Party Conference imposed by the Republican majority when it took control of the House after the 1994 elections. From this analysis, they draw inferences about support for competing theories of congressional politics.
Complexity and the Analysis of Political and Social Life
Robert Jervis argues that in policy analysis we too often overlook the complex dynamics and interactions that characterize political and social systems. Focusing on complexity and interaction in a system leads to a greater understanding of human activities, more methodological sophistication, and better guidelines for action.
Prospects for Elite-Driven Democracy in South Africa
Jeffrey Herbst looks at the pact that led to South Africa's first nonracial government in 1994. He finds that much of the optimism surrounding democratic transitions in Latin America is not justified in South Africa, because South African leaders have much more difficulty managing their respective constituencies.
Do Economic Crises Contribute to Economic Reform? Argentina and Venezuela in the 1990s
Javier Corrales questions the claim that deep economic crises pave the wavy for successful implementation of economic reforms. By looking at Argentina and Venezuela, he argues that a better predictor of the implementation of reform is whether the president resolves political differences with the ruling party.
Bargaining for Social Rights: Unions and the Reemergence of Welfare Capitalism, 1945-1952
Michael K. Brown analyzes why American unions acted to put employee benefits on the bargaining table in the 1940s and why that strategy was supported by President Truman and northern Democrats in Congress. The author argues that union leaders were motivated to obtain private social benefits such as health insurance in order to ensure the security of union membership, a question that was reopened when the closed shop was outlawed by the Taft-Hartley Act. Paradoxically, this union policy helped defeat Truman's efforts to enact national health insurance.
Opinion: Netanyahu, A Palestinian State, and Israeli Security Reassessed
In one of our occasional opinion essays, Jerome Slater discusses the arguments for and against a Palestinian state as the solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. He argues that an appropriately structured Palestinian state would enhance rather than threaten Israel's national security.
Dismantling Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown v. Board of Education, Gary Orfield and Susan E. Eaton Reviewed by Paul Teske
Taking the Initiative: Leadership Agendas in Congress and the "Contract with America", John B. Bader Reviewed by James G. Gimpel
Democratic Transitions in Central America, Jorge I. Dominguez and Marc Lindenberg Reviewed by Consuelo Cruz
Cultural Internationalism and World Order, Akira Iriye Reviewed by Thomas Schoonover
The Election of 1996: Reports and Interpretations, Walter Dean Burnham, Gerald M. Pomper, Scott Keeter, Marion R. Just, William G. Mayer, Anthony Corrado, Marjorie Randon Hershey and Wilson Carey McWilliams Reviewed by Norman R. Luttbeg
After Suffrage: Women in Partisan and Electoral Politics before the New Deal, Kristi Andersen Reviewed by Jane Junn
Midterm: The Elections of 1994 in Context, Philip A. Klinkner Reviewed by James E. Campbell
Nuclear Designs: Great Britain, France, and China in the Global Governance of Nuclear Arms, Bruce D. Larkin Reviewed by Jim Walsh
Soldiers, Civilians, and Democracy: Post-Franco Spain in Comparative Perspective, Felipe Agüero ;
Divided Nations: Class, Politics, and Nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia, Juan Díez Medrano Reviewed by W. Rand Smith
Lebanon: A Shattered Country, Elizabeth Picard Reviewed by Michael C. Hudson
Narratives of Justice: Legislators' Beliefs about Distributive Fairness, Grant Reeher Reviewed by Kay Lehman Schlozman
When Allies Differ: Anglo-American Relations during the Suez and Falklands Crises, Louise Richardson Reviewed by Gene A. Sessions
Reforming the Russian Legal System, Gordon B. Smith Reviewed by Peter Juviler
Russian Civil-Military Relations, Dale R. Herspring Reviewed by Laura V. Swartz
The Soviet Union and the Vietnam War, Ilya V. Gaiduk Reviewed by Fredrik Logevall
Agenda for Africa's Economic Renewal, Benno Ndulu, Nicolas van de Walle and contributors Reviewed by David K. Leonard
Setting National Priorities: Budget Choices for the Next Century, Robert D. Reischauer Reviewed by Robert C. Lowry
Politics or Principle? Filibustering in the United States Senate, Steven S. Smith and Sarah A. Binder Reviewed by J. Mark Wrighton
American Foreign Policy: Carter to Clinton, John Dumbrell Reviewed by Walter LaFeber
Democracy and Development in Africa, Claude Ake Reviewed by Frank Holmquist
The Politics of Expertise in Congress: The Rise and Fall of the Office of Technology Assessment, Bruce Bimber Reviewed by William T. Golden
Second Coming: The New Christian Right in Virginia Politics, Mark J. Rozell and Clyde Wilcox Reviewed by Corwin Smidt
Medicaid and the Limits of State Health Reform, Michael S. Sparer Reviewed by James W. Fossett
Whose Welfare? AFDC and Elite Politics, Steven M. Teles Reviewed by Donna Wilson Kirchheimer
Eisenhower and the Missile Gap, Peter Roman Reviewed by Christopher Preble
The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years, Vojtech Mastny Reviewed by Melvyn P. Leffler
The Workers' Movement in Russia, Simon Clarke, Peter Fairbrother and Vadim Borisov Reviewed by Walter D. Connor
Tattered Banners: Labor, Conflict, and Corporatism in Postcommunist Russia, Walter D. Connor Reviewed by Leonard Benardo
Life and Terror in Stalin's Russia: 1934-1941, Robert W. Thurston Reviewed by Andrea Chandler
Politics and Symbols: The Italian Communist Party and the Fall of Communism, David I. Kertzer Reviewed by Alexander De Grand
The Balance of Power: History and Theory, Michael Sheehan Reviewed by Norman Rich
Crisis Bargaining and the State: The Domestic Politics of International Conflict, Susan Peterson Reviewed by Joe D. Hagan
Ethnic Cleansing, Andrew Bell-Fialkoff Reviewed by Roy Licklider
Putting Choice before Democracy: A Critique of Rational Choice Theory, Emily Hauptmann Reviewed by Carole Pateman
The Social Democratic State: The Swedish Model and the Bureaucratic Problem of Social Reforms, Bo Rothstein Reviewed by Tim Tilton
The Failure of U.S. Tax Policy: Revenue and Politics, Sheldon D. Pollack Reviewed by Jane G. Gravelle