Sadat's Egypt and Teng's China: Revolution Versus Modernization
Raphael Israeli analyzes the processes of modernization and revolution, which he regards as displacing each other in a cyclical fashion in non-Western societies. He uses case studies of Sadat's Egypt and Teng's China to illustrate the theory and to argue that the transition from modernization to revolution and vice versa hinge upon certain types of leaders.
Majority Leadership in the House of Representatives
Sidney Waldman reviews the role of the majority-party leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives in light of the House reforms of the past decade. He contends that notwithstanding some new leadership powers and resources, House reforms on balance have contributed to member independence.
Presidential Management of Budgetary and Fiscal Policymaking
David C. Mowery, Mark S. Kamlet, AND John P. Crecine examine presidential management of three parallel executive branch budgetary policy processes-domestic budgeting, defense budgeting, and fiscal policy. After surveying the Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson administrations, the authors offer recommendations on how a president can balance the competing demands of fiscal and budgetary policy planning.
American Reaction to Soviet Aircraft in Cuba, 1962 and 1978
Raymond L. Garthoff draws on his own experience in the Cuban missile crisis of 1962 to illuminate the understanding reached between the United States and the Soviet Union on aircraft as offensive weapons. He concludes that the introduction of new Soviet aircraft into Cuba in 1978 was not inconsistent with the 1962 understanding.
The Public Service in Zimbabwe
Michael Bratton describes the opportunities and constraints regarding public-service reform in Zimbabwe at the time of its political independence.
Social Targeting in Community Development
Paul R. Dommel looks at the distribution of program benefits among income groups over the first four years of the community development block grant program. He finds that benefits to lower-income groups increased as the program progressed but concludes that further large increases in benefits to the lower income groups are unlikely.
The New Regulation of Health and Safety
K. Robert Keiser contends that health and safety regulatory agencies are more likely to succumb to immobilization than to capture by industry. He concludes that when regulatory activism does take place, it is less the result of the professional commitment of the staff and more a response to political pressure from outside.
Setting National Priorities: Agenda for the 1980s, Joseph A. Pechman Reviewed by James R. Storey
The Pulse of Politics: Electing Presidents in the Media Age, James David Barber Reviewed by Richard M. Pious
The Road to the White House: The Politics of Presidential Elections, Stephen J. Wayne ;
The Presidential Contest, Richard A. Watson Reviewed by John F. Bibby
Regulatory Bureaucracy: The Federal Trade Commission and Antitrust Policy, Robert A. Katzmann Reviewed by Ernest Gellhorn
The Future of Intellectuals and the Rise of the New Class, Alvin W. Gouldner Reviewed by Everett Carll Ladd
Democracy and Welfare Economics, Hans van den Doel Reviewed by Everett M. Ehrlich
A New Economic View of American History, Peter Passell and Susan Previant Lee Reviewed by Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Class Structure and Income Determination, Erik Olin Wright Reviewed by Bernard Barber
Financing the 1976 Election, Herbert E. Alexander Reviewed by David Adamany
Urban Policy Making, Dale Rogers Marshall Reviewed by Charles H. Levine
Hon. Politician: Mike Mansfield of Montana, Louis Baldwin Reviewed by Robert L. Peabody
The Clouded Lens: Persian Gulf Security and U.S. Policy, James H. Noyes Reviewed by Zalmay Khalilzad
Eagle Entangled: U.S. Foreign Policy in a Complex World, Kenneth A. Oye, Donald Rothchild and Robert J. Lieber Reviewed by Rodney W. Jones
The SALT Experience, Thomas W. Wolfe Reviewed by Robert Jervis
Politics of Arms Control: The Role and Effectiveness of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Duncan L. Clarke Reviewed by Richard K. Betts
Time of Fear and Hope: The Making of the North Atlantic Treaty 1947-1949, Escott Reid Reviewed by J. Garry Clifford
Rhetoric and Reality: Presidential Commissions and the Making of Public Policy, Terrence R. Tutchings Reviewed by Larry Berman
Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America, E. Richard Brown Reviewed by Howard S. Berliner
Unions in American National Politics, Graham K. Wilson Reviewed by Harry Holloway
Judges and Justices: The Federal Appellate Judiciary, John R. Schmidhauser Reviewed by Peter G. Fish
Food, Politics, and Agricultural Development: Case Studies in the Public Policy of Rural Modernization, Donald J. Puchala, Raymond F. Hopkins and Ross B. Talbot Reviewed by Richard E. Stryker
Government Controlled Enterprises: International Strategic and Policy Decisions, Renato Mazzolini Reviewed by Irvin M. Grossack
Pollution, Politics, and International Law: Tankers at Sea, Mark W. Zacher Reviewed by M. J. Peterson
Ethics, Functionalism and Power in International Politics: The Crisis in Values, Kenneth W. Thompson Reviewed by William V. O'Brien
The Logic of Party Democracy, Alan Ware Reviewed by John Petrocik
The European Left: Italy, France, and Spain, William E. Griffith Reviewed by John T. S. Keele
The Middle East in China's Foreign Policy 1949-1977, Yitzhak Shichor Reviewed by Steven I. Levine
Japan and the United States: Challenges and Opportunities, William J. Barnds ;
Strategy and Security in Northeast Asia, Richard B. Foster, James E. Dornan and William M. Carpenter Reviewed by Akira Iriye
Chile at the Turning Point: Lessons of the Socialist Years, 1970-1973, Henry A. Landsberger, Federico G. Gil and John S. Gitlitz Reviewed by Peter Goldberg
The Communist Parties of Eastern Europe, Stephen Fischer-Galati Reviewed by Zvi Gitelman
Palestinian Society and Politics, Joel S. Migdal Reviewed by Sylvia Kowitt Crosbie
Debt and the Less Developed Countries, Jonathan David Aronson Reviewed by William R. Cline
Political Manipulation and Administrative Power: A Comparative Study, Eva Etzioni-Halevy Reviewed by Carolyn Teich Adams
Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies, Samuel H. Barnes and Max Kaase Reviewed by Roberta S. Sigel
Who Benefits from Government Expenditures? A Case Study of Colombia, Marcelo Selowsky Reviewed by Dale Rogers Marshall
Socialism, Politics, and Equality: Hierarchy and Change in Eastern Europe and the USSR, Walter D. Connor Reviewed by Paul S. Shoup
Change in Public Bureaucracies, Marshall W. Meyer Reviewed by Richard W. Campbell
Soviet Naval Diplomacy, Bradford Dismukes and James M. McConnell Reviewed by Dov S. Zakheim