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Volume 102 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

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The Confidence Gap during the Reagan Years, 1981-1987
Seymour Martin Lipset and William Schneider renew their explorations of the feelings of Americans about their major institutions, first reported in this journal four years ago. The authors document the paradoxical findings that under a pro-business president who would sharply reduce the role of the state, the public has regained confidence in government, but continues to distrust major private institutions such as corporations and labor unions.

pp. 1-23

Campaign Money and the Press: Three Soundings
FRANK I. SORAUF examines the nature of bias in elite newspaper reporting of a particularly complex subject American campaign finance. He highlights the factors that often shape not only the direction of the reporting but whether the story is even reported in the first place.

pp. 25-42

John Foster Dulles and the Bipartisan Congress
Anna Kasten Nelson analyzes the efforts at maintaining good relations with Congress of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. She argues that Dulles's liaison with Congress is an often ignored aspect of the Eisenhower administration's success in gaining bipartisan support for its foreign policy.

pp. 43-64

The War on Poverty and the Poor and Nonpoor
Robert H. Haveman describes the increases in social welfare expenditures which can be attributed to the Great Society's War on Poverty, and estimates what the impact of this increased social spending was on the nonpoor. Haveman concludes that the costs to the nonpoor have been relatively small, which suggests why this group has not supported massive retrenchment of social policies in the 1980s.

pp. 65-78

Puzzles and Confusions: Political Realignment in the 1980s
David G. Lawrence and Richard Fleisher look at conceptual and theoretical problems of realignment that limit our ability to understand the current electoral era. They conclude that the last twenty-five years have produced exactly the kinds of changes in outcomes that early realignment theorists looked for, but without evidence of the underlying changes in process that later theorists would expect.

pp. 79-92

Pluralism, Elitism, and the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act
Eric S. Moskowitz compares three competing explanations for U.S. policy making on mortgage disclosure. He concludes that a fuller understanding of that process requires an explanation that is more sensitive to both cognitive and structural factors than is usually found in either pluralist or elitist interpretations.

pp. 93-112

Correction: Arms and Oil

p. 180

American Approaches to World Affairs: The Credibility of Institutions, Policies and Leadership, Inis L. Claude, Jr.
Reviewed by Thomas M. Franck

pp. 113-114

The President, the Congress and Foreign Policy, Kenneth W. Thompson, Edmund S. Muskie and Kenneth Rush
Reviewed by Louis Fisher

pp. 114-115

Diplomat in Chief: The President at the Summit, Elmer Plischke
Reviewed by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.

pp. 116-117

The Struggle for the Third World: Soviet Debates and American Options, Jerry F. Hough
Reviewed by Robert L. Rothstein

pp. 117-118

Britain's Economic Renaissance: Margaret Thatcher's Reforms 1979-84, Alan Walters
Reviewed by James E. Alt

pp. 118-120

"The Target is Destroyed": What Really Happened to Flight 007 and What America Knew about It, Seymour M. Hersh ; The Ties that Bind: Intelligence Cooperation between the UKSA Countries, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, Jeffrey T. Richelson and Desmond Ball
Reviewed by Ray S. Cline

pp. 120-122

The Nonproliferation Predicament, Joseph F. Pilat
Reviewed by Aaron Karp

pp. 122-123

The Nuclear Dilemma and the Just War Tradition, William V. O'Brien and John Langan
Reviewed by Kenneth W. Thompson

pp. 123-124

Before Nomination: Our Primary Problems, George Grassmuck
Reviewed by Frank J. Sorauf

pp. 125-126

The Rise of Modern Judicial From Constitutional Interpretation to Judge-Made Law, Christopher Wolfe
Reviewed by Robert J. Steamer

pp. 126-127

The Supreme Court and the American Family: Ideology and Issues, Eva R. Rubin
Reviewed by Sarah Slavin

pp. 127-128

The Captive Public: How Mass Opinion Promotes State Power, Benjamin Ginsberg
Reviewed by Doris A. Graber

pp. 129-130

Equal Education Under Law: Legal Rights and Federal Policy, Rosemary C. Salomone
Reviewed by Jennifer Hochschild

pp. 130-131

The United States and the Regional Organization of Asia and the Pacific: 1965-1985, W. W. Rostow
Reviewed by Donald S. Zagoria

pp. 131-132

Judging the Jury, Valerie P. Hans and Neil Vidmar
Reviewed by Gerard J. Fitzpatrick

pp. 132-133

Soviet Military Policy Since World War II, Richard F. Staar and William T. Lee
Reviewed by Raymond L. Garthoff

pp. 134-135

Chinese Foreign Policy: Developments After Mao, Robert G. Sutter ; Modernizing China: Post-Mao Reform and Development, A. Doak Barnett and Ralph N. Clough
Reviewed by William T. Tow

pp. 135-137

Poland 1980-81: Solidarity Versus the Party, Nicholas G. Andrews ; Poland 1981: Towards Social Renewal, Peter Raina
Reviewed by Joseph Rothschild

pp. 137-138

South Africa Without Apartheid: Dismantling Racial Domination, Heribert Adam and Kogila Moodley
Reviewed by Crawford Young

pp. 139-140

The Gulf Cooperation Council: Policies, Problems and Prospects, Emile A. Nakhleh
Reviewed by F. Gregory Gause III

pp. 140-141

Russia and Arabia: Soviet Foreign Policy toward the Arabian Peninsula, Mark N. Katz
Reviewed by Yaacov Ro'

pp. 141-143

Going Public: New Strategies of Presidential Leadership, Samuel Kernell
Reviewed by George C. Edwards III

pp. 143-144

To Chain the Dog of War: The War Power of Congress in History and Law, Francis D. Wormuth, Edwin B. Firmage and Francis P. Butler
Reviewed by Harvey Zeidenstein

pp. 144-145

Schooling for All: Class, Race, and the Decline of the Democratic Ideal, Ira Katznelson and Margaret Weir
Reviewed by Mary Ann Dzuback

p. 146

Time, Chance, and Organizations: Natural Selection in a Perilous Environment, Herbert Kaufman
Reviewed by Ronald C. Moe

pp. 147-148

The Army and Vietnam, Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr.
Reviewed by Bob Buzzanco

pp. 148-149

The Press and the Presidency: From George Washington to Ronald Reagan, John Tebbel and Sarah Miles Watts ; The Power of the Press: The Birth of American Political Reporting, Thomas C. Leonard
Reviewed by Samuel Kernell

pp. 149-151

Citizens and Soldiers: The Dilemmas of Military Service, Eliot A. Cohen
Reviewed by Sue E. Berryman

pp. 151-152

Making Experience Count: Managing Modern New York in the Carey Era, Gerald Benjamin and T. Norman Hurd
Reviewed by Leonard P. Stavisky

pp. 153-154

The Tolerant Society: Freedom of Speech and Extremist Speech in America, Lee C. Bollinger
Reviewed by Kristine L. Olsen

pp. 154-155

Intergovernmental Management: Human Services Problem-Solving in Six Metropolitan Areas, Robert J. Agranoff
Reviewed by Donna Wilson Kirchheimer

pp. 155-157

The Life of the Parties: Activists in Presidential Politics, Ronald B. Rapoport, Alan I. Abramowitz and John McGlennon
Reviewed by John R. Petrocik

pp. 157-159

The Politics of Energy Conservation, Pietro S. Nivola
Reviewed by Laura M. Lake

pp. 159-160

Leadership at the Fed, Donald F. Kettl
Reviewed by R. J. Saulnier

pp. 160-161

Plant Closings: Power, Politics and Workers, Lawrence E. Rothstein
Reviewed by Terry F. Buss

pp. 162-163

The Korean War: Challenges in Crisis, Credibility, and Command, Burton I. Kaufman
Reviewed by Rosemary Foot

pp. 163-164

Power and Principle: Armed Intervention in Wilsonian Foreign Policy, Frederick S. Calhoun
Reviewed by Arthur S. Link

pp. 164-165

Shi'ism and Social Protest, Nikki R. Keddie and Juan R. I. Cole
Reviewed by Richard W. Bulliet

pp. 166-167

Politics in Contemporary Portugal: Parties and the Consolidation of Democracy, Thomas C. Bruneau and Alex Macleod
Reviewed by Glenda G. Rosenthal

pp. 167-168

The Arab Radicals, Adeed Dawisha
Reviewed by Marvin G. Weinbaum

pp. 168-169

Women and European Politics: Contemporary Feminism and Public Policy, Joni Lovenduski ; Women of Europe: Women MEPs and Equality Policy, Elizabeth Vallance and Elizabeth Davies
Reviewed by Mary Ruggie

pp. 169-171

Moscow and the Italian Communist Party: From Togliatti to Berlinguer, Joan Barth Urban
Reviewed by Furio Colombo

pp. 171-173

Intellectuals and the State in Twentieth-Century Mexico, Roderic A. Camp
Reviewed by David R. Mares

pp. 173-174

Race and Politics: Ethnic Minorities and the British Political System, Muhammad Anwar
Reviewed by Donley T. Studlar

pp. 174-175

The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide, Robert Jay Lifton
Reviewed by Leo Kuper

pp. 175-176

Labor in Latin America: Comparative Essays on Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, and Colombia, Charles Bergquist
Reviewed by Steven E. Sanderson

pp. 176-177

Moscow and the Polish Crisis: An Interpretation of Soviet Policies and Intentions, Sidney I. Ploss
Reviewed by Paul Marer

p. 178

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