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Volume 120 - Number 4 - Winter 2005-06

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Killing Civilians Intentionally: Double Effect, Reprisal, and Necessity in the Middle East
MICHAEL L. GROSS examines the arguments that Palestinians and Israelis offer when innocent lives are taken. He challenges Palestinian claims that existential threats (supreme emergency) or reprisals for past wrongs can justify terror attacks on noncombatants. At the same time, he objects to Israeli explanations that invoke the doctrine of double effect and claim that noncombatants are not killed intentionally but die as an unintended side effect of necessary military operations.

pp. 555-579

Congressional Oversight: Vice President Richard B. Cheney's Executive Branch Triumph
BRUCE P. MONTGOMERY explores the legal battle of the General Accountability Office (GAO, formerly the General Accounting Office) over access to information detailing Vice President Richard B. Cheney’s national energy task force. He analyzes the politically charged fight, in which the GAO and the White House each sought to use the case as a means to expand its own institutional prerogatives. He concludes that the result was a significant victory for the George W. Bush administration’s aim of asserting presidential prerogatives at the expense of congressional oversight.

pp. 581-617

In America We (Used to) Trust: U.S. Hegemony and Global Cooperation
Andrew Kydd discusses alternative perspectives on hegemony and cooperation. One emphasizes the credibility of threats to potential rule breakers, the other the fostering of mutual trust and multilateral cooperation. While the first has been central to the Bush administration’s foreign policy, the second was important in the early Cold War and remains important today.

pp. 619-636

The Impact of Campaign Reform on Political Discourse
DARRELL M. WEST, L. SANDY MAISEL, and BRETT M. CLIFTON assess the effectiveness of reforms designed to improve the quality of American election campaigns. Using an analysis of news, ads, debates, campaign literature, mailings, and other forms of communication during competitive House and Senate contests, they argue that reform activities were not very effective overall at improving the quality of campaign discourse.

pp. 637-651

Signaling Credibility: Electoral Strategy and New Labour in Britain
MARK WICKHAM-JONES looks at the development of the British Labour Party’s electoral strategy during the 1980s and 1990s. He challenges the view that the Party’s electoral recovery was a result of the adoption of a Downsian approach. Rather, he emphasizes the importance of the signals used by Labour to secure electoral credibility in the 1997 general election.

pp. 653-673

Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan, Tsuyoshi Hasegawa
Reviewed by Robert Jervis

pp. 675-676

Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws That Changed America, Nick Kotz
Reviewed by James H. Meriwether

pp. 676-678

Inside the Mirage: America's Fragile Partnership with Saudi Arabia, Thomas W. Lippman
Reviewed by Joseph A. Kéchichian

pp. 678-679

Enforcing the Peace: Learning from the Imperial Past, Kimberly Zisk Marten
Reviewed by David M. Edelstein

pp. 679-681

Leaders and Their Followers in a Dangerous World: The Psychology of Political Behavior, Jerrold M. Post
Reviewed by Rose McDermott

pp. 681-682

Real Democracy: The New England Town Meeting and How It Works, Frank M. Bryan
Reviewed by Gerald Benjamin

pp. 682-683

Freedom Reclaimed: Rediscovering the American Vision, John E. Schwarz
Reviewed by Christopher C. Burkett

pp. 684-685

Tides of Consent: How Public Opinion Shapes American Politics, James A. Stimson
Reviewed by Fay Lomax Cook

pp. 685-686

The New Transnational Activism, Sidney Tarrow
Reviewed by Mark Kesselman

pp. 686-688

United We Stand? Divide-and-Conquer Politics and the Logic of International Hostility, Aaron Belkin
Reviewed by Stacy Bergstrom Haldi

pp. 688-690

America's Crisis of Values: Reality and Perception, Wayne E. Baker
Reviewed by David Callahan

pp. 690-691

Africa Unchained: The Blueprint for Africa's Future, George B. N. Ayittey
Reviewed by David K. Leonard

pp. 691-693

China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia, Peter C. Perdue
Reviewed by Morris Rossabi

pp. 693-694

The Liberty of Strangers: Making the American Nation, Desmond King
Reviewed by Pedro Cabán

pp. 694-695

Voting the Agenda: Candidates, Elections, and Ballot Propositions, Stephen P. Nicholson
Reviewed by Daniel A. Smith

pp. 695-697

Deliberative Politics in Action: Analyzing Parliamentary Discourse, Jürg Steiner, André Bächtiger, Markus Spörndli and Marco R. Steenbergen
Reviewed by Christian F. Rostbøll

pp. 697-698

Doing the Right Thing: Collective Action and Procedural Choice in the New Legislative Process, Lawrence Becker
Reviewed by Thad E. Hall

pp. 699-700

Power, Knowledge, and Politics: Policy Analysis in the States, John A. Hird
Reviewed by Peter deLeon

pp. 700-701

Housing Segregation in Suburban America since 1960: Presidential and Judicial Politics, Charles M. Lamb
Reviewed by Arnold R. Hirsch

pp. 701-703

Morality Politics in American Cities, Elaine B. Sharp
Reviewed by Janet K. Boles

pp. 703-704

The Urban Origins of Suburban Autonomy, Richardson Dilworth
Reviewed by Matthew D. Lassiter

pp. 704-706

Press "ONE" for English: Language Policy, Public Opinion, and American Identity, Deborah J. Schildkraut
Reviewed by Thomas Ricento

pp. 706-707

Democracy from above: Regional Organizations and Democratization, Jon C. Pevehouse
Reviewed by James Lee Ray

pp. 707-708

Geopolitics and the Post-Colonial: Rethinking North-South Relations, David Slater
Reviewed by Consuelo Cruz

pp. 708-710

The Limits of International Law, Jack L. Goldsmith and Eric A. Posner
Reviewed by Stacie Goddard

pp. 710-711

The Future of Arms Control, Michael E. O'Hanlon and Michael A. Levi
Reviewed by Dan Lindley

pp. 711-713

Mixed Signals: U.S. Human Rights Policy and Latin America, Kathryn Sikkink
Reviewed by Cynthia J. Arnson

pp. 713-714

Healthy Democracies: Welfare Politics in Taiwan and South Korea, Joseph Wong
Reviewed by Tieh-Chih Chang

pp. 714-716

Lessons from NAFTA for Latin America and the Caribbean: A Summary of Research Findings, Daniel Lederman, William F. Maloney and Luis Servén
Reviewed by Patrice Franko

pp. 716-717

Negotiated Revolutions: The Czech Republic, South Africa and Chile, George Lawson
Reviewed by Tony Roshan Samara

pp. 717-719

Falun Gong: The End of Days, Maria Hsia Chang
Reviewed by James D. Seymour

pp. 719-720

Politics beyond the Capital: The Design of Subnational Institutions in South America, Kent Eaton
Reviewed by Caroline Beer

pp. 720-721

Rethinking the Rise and Fall of Apartheid, Adrian Guelke
Reviewed by James L. Gibson

pp. 721-723

Liberal Democracy and the Social Acceleration of Time, William E. Scheuerman
Reviewed by Robert B. Talisse

pp. 723-724

Environment, Inc.: From Grassroots to Beltway, Christopher J. Bosso
Reviewed by Jacqueline Vaughn

pp. 725-726

Durable Disorder: Understanding the Politics of Northeast India, Sanjib Baruah
Reviewed by Stuart Corbridge

pp. 726-727

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