pp. 653-685

Did Bush Democratize the Middle East? The Effects of External–Internal Linkages
Bruce Gilley examines how the so-called Freedom Agenda of President George W. Bush affected politics in the Middle East. He concludes that this agenda generally exerted positive effects on democratic change in the region, although often working in unintended ways and usually interacting with domestic factors. 

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Demetrios James Caraley

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Ukraine, Russia, and the West

Nationalism and Foreign Policy in Ukraine Charles F. Furtado, JR. analyzes the unsteady brew of nationalism and foreign policy in Ukraine. Tracing domestic and international factors, Furtado suggests policy strategies to prevent the radicalization of Ukrainian nationalism and its foreign policy.

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