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Pivotal Deterrence and the Kosovo War: Why the Holbrooke Agreement Failed
Timothy W. Crawford examines the failure of NATO’s Kosovo policy in the months preceding the air war against Serbia in March 1999. He argues that the real challenge was not just to deter Belgrade from attacking Kosovar Albanians. It should also have been to deter the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) from guerrilla tactics aimed precisely to provoke Serb attacks on civilians in order to trigger a NATO intervention.

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Demetrios James Caraley

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