Planning Foreign Policy: Can it Be Done?
LINCOLN BLOOMFIELD reviews the experience of policy planning staffs in the United States State Department and in foreign governments and sharply questions their effectiveness. Bloomfield concludes with suggestions for how to improve the incorporation of long-range thinking into foreign policy making.
The Reassertion of Congressional Power: New Curbs on the President
Harvey G. Zeidenstein surveys the provisions legislated by Congress from 1972 to 1977 to restrict the freedom of action of presidents in foreign policy, military deployments, weapons procurement and sales, intelligence activities, and impoundment of funds. He shows how some of these provisions go beyond strengthening the influence of Congress in its traditional legislative role and extend to giving Congress vetoes over specific administrative acts.
Congressional Politics and Urban Aid: A 1978 Postscript
Demetrios Caraley examines congressional voting on urban aid issues in 1977 and concludes that, contrary to what some policy makers have claimed, support for pro-urban programs did exist in the 95th Congress and was primarily dependent not on the number of "urban" constituencies, but on the size of the Democratic majority and the willingness of President Carter to mobilize it. Caraley also shows the extent to which snowbelt vs. sunbelt voting cleavages replaced more traditional ones.
Federal-Local Relations Under Block Grants
Richard P. Nathan and Paul R. Dommel report on changes that occurred in the pattern of federal-local relations as a result of the consolidation in 1974 of federal categorical aid programs for physical development into "community development block grants." They find that more decentralized decision making has occurred under the block grant system, but that as the program progressed, there was evidence of increased federal control.
U.S. Foreign Policy in a Changing Africa
Henry Bienen analyzes interests in southern Africa in relation to the nation's interest in Africa as a whole. He argues that Africa has become too differentiated, and relations between African states too complex, for the United States to have a single African policy.
Newsmen and Campaigners: Organization Men Make the News
Leon V. Sigal views newsmaking during presidential election campaigns as the product of interaction between two organizations: one composed of newsmen, the other of campaigners. He concludes that the news coverage that results from current organizational routines and journalistic conventions may favor the candidacy of outsiders over that of Washingtonians.
Herbert Croly, Progressive Ideology, and the FTC Act
Douglas Walter Jaenicke reexamines the origins of the Federal Trade Commission Act within the context of progressive thought and argues that the act was a victory neither for equal opportunity nor for big business.
A Pretty Good Club: The Founding Fathers of the U.S. Foreign Service, Martin Weil and W. W. Norton Reviewed by Martin B. Travis
Uncertain Greatness: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy, Roger Morris Reviewed by Walter LaFeber
Decade of Decisions: American Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-1976, William B. Quandt Reviewed by Naomi Joy Williams
The Panama Canal: The Crisis in Historical Perspective, Walter LaFeber Reviewed by Thomas G. Paterson
The Missile Defense Controversy: Strategy, Technology, and Politics, 1955-1972, Ernest J. Yanarella Reviewed by Robert H. Trice
The Counterinsurgency Era: U.S. Doctrine and Performance, 1950 to the Present, Douglas S. Blaufarb Reviewed by Robert L. Gallucci
War: Controlling Escalation, Richard Smoke Reviewed by Harvey Starr
The Structure of Violence: Armed Forces as Social Systems, Maury D. Feld Reviewed by Thomas L. McNaugher
Tragic Choices, Guido Calabresi and Philip Bobbitt Reviewed by Catherine Gwin
Politics and Markets: The World's Political-Economic Systems, Charles E. Lindblom Reviewed by Michael Mandelbaum
Myth, Oil, and Politics: Introduction to the Political Economy of Petroleum, Charles F. Doran Reviewed by Stephen D. Krasner
Politics and the Professors: The Great Society in Perspective, Henry J. Aaron Reviewed by Robert Taggart
Doing Good: The Limits of Benevolence, David Rothman, Willard Gaylin, Ira Glasser and Steven Marcus Reviewed by Bernard Barber
The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America, Daniel J. Kevles Reviewed by N. P. Samios
The Sponsor: Notes on a Modern Potentate, Erik Barnouw Reviewed by Doris A. Graber
Political Ideologies of Organized Labor: The New Deal Era, Ruth L. Horowitz Reviewed by Harry Holloway
Congress in the American System, Carl P. Chelf Reviewed by Judith H. Parris
American Democratic Theory: Pluralism and Its Critics, William Alton Kelso Reviewed by Michael Parenti
Two Cheers for Capitalism, Irving Kristol Reviewed by Robert Lekachman
The Declining Significance of Race: Blacks and Changing American Institutions, William Julius Wilson Reviewed by James L. Sundquist
Research to Answer What Blacks Ought to Have, Warren M. Banner Reviewed by Winston Van Horne
The Ungovernable City: The Politics of Urban Problems and Policy Making, Douglas Yates Reviewed by Stephen David
Police Work: The Social Organization of Policing, Peter K. Manning Reviewed by James P. Gifford
The Quest for Justice: The Politics of School Finance Reform, Richard Lehne Reviewed by Gerald Benjamin
The Builders: Houses, People, Neighborhoods, Governments, Money, Martin Mayer Reviewed by Robert W. Ponte
Councils of Government: A Study of Political Incrementalism, Nelson Wikstrom Reviewed by Vincent L. Marando
At the Grass Roots in the Garden State: Reform and Regular Democrats in New Jersey, Vicki Granet Semel Reviewed by Duane Lockard
Crisis on the Left: Cold War Politics and American Liberals, 1947-1954, Mary Sperling McAuliffe Reviewed by John P. Roche
Taxation and Political Change in the Young Nation, 1781-1833, Dall W. Forsythe Reviewed by Edward Pessen
The Jeffersonian Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Ideology, Lance Banning Reviewed by James M. Banner
Christian Democracy in Western Germany: The CDU/CSU in Government and Opposition, 1945-1976, Geoffrey Pridham Reviewed by Gerald Braunthal
Representation in Italy: Institutionalized Tradition and Electoral Choice, Samuel H. Barnes ;
Italy at the Polls: The Parliamentary Elections of 1976, Howard R. Penniman Reviewed by Anthony F. Greco
P'yongyang between Peking and Moscow: North Korea's Involvement in the Sino-Soviet Dispute, 1958-1975, Chin O. Chung Reviewed by Steven I. Levine
Up to the Mountains and Down to the Villages: The Transfer of Youth from Urban to Rural China, Thomas P. Bernstein Reviewed by Ronald N. Montaperto
A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954-1962, Alistair Horne Reviewed by René Albrecht-Carrie
Arab Politics: The Search for Legitimacy, Michael C. Hudson Reviewed by Robert O. Freedman
Diversity and Development in Southeast Asia: The Coming Decade, Frank H. Golay, Cynthia H. Enloe and Guy J. Pauker Reviewed by Robert O. Tilman
China and the Major Powers in East Asia, A. Doak Barnett Reviewed by Thomas Fingar
Peasant Politics: Struggle in a Dominican Village, Kenneth Evan Sharpe Reviewed by Joel S. Migdal
The Weak in the World of the Strong: The Developing Countries in the International System, Robert L. Rothstein Reviewed by Richard K. Betts