Eisenhower as an Activist President: A Look at New Evidence
Fred I. Greenstein, in an analysis based on recently opened archives, takes sharp issue with the conventional view of Dwight Eisenhower as a passive, unskilled president. According to Greenstein, Eisenhower was an active president who succeeded, albeit much of the time covertly, in putting his personal stamp on public policy.
Backward Mapping: Implementation Research and Policy Decisions
Richard F. Elmore describes an approach to designing policy implementation that takes as its point of departure the ultimate outcome of the policy and then "maps backward" to establish what intervening steps are necessary to bring it about. He argues that "backward mapping" is a superior strategy to "forward mapping," which begins planing implementation from the top down.
Why Nuclear Superiority Doesn't Matter
Robert Jervis examines the current debate over the capability of American nuclear weapons. He argues that the implicit assumption behind the call for adding warheads to develop a strategy of "flexible response" including a counterforce capability is wrong. Jervis concludes that the real issue is not the number of warheads to be developed but the resolve and willingness to use them.
Generational Differences and the Women's Movement
Roberta S. Sigel and John V. Reynolds examine the dispositions of sets of similarly educated mothers and daughters toward the contemporary women's movement. The authors find that generational differences matter less on legal and economic objectives for women and more on social, cultural, and sexual questions.
House Turnover and the Principle of Rotation
Robert Struble, JR. analyzes the nineteenth-century principle of rotation in office as manifested in incumbent withdrawals from the House of Representatives and in electoral defeats. He finds that the waning of that principle was produced by the professionalization of Congress.
The Coming of the Third World War: A Review Essay
Kenneth W. Thompson critically reviews General Sir John Hackett's novel, The Third World War. Though a fictional account of the origins and outbreak in 1985 of a nuclear World War III, the book is based on projections from current military assessments. According to Thompson, the book's weakness in foreign-policy analysis results from its overestimation of military factors to the neglect of the intangibles of politics and diplomacy and from its failure to perceive revolutionary nationalist forces.
The Irony of Vietnam: The System Worked, Richard K. Betts and Leslie H. Gelb Reviewed by Walter LaFeber
The Swine Flu Affair: Decision-Making on a Slippery Disease, Richard E. Neustadt and Harvey V. Fineberg Reviewed by Robert D. Behn
Choices and Echoes in Presidential Elections: Rational Man and Electoral Democracy, Benjamin I. Page Reviewed by Milton C. Cummings
American Politics and Public Policy, Walter Dean Burnham and Martha Wagner Weinberg Reviewed by Herman M. Somers
The Last Half-Century: Societal Change and Politics in America, Morris Janowitz Reviewed by Robert A. Divine
The Nature of Mass Poverty, John Kenneth Galbraith Reviewed by E. Hazel Denton
Yankee From Georgia: The Emergence of Jimmy Carter, William Lee Miller Reviewed by Stephen J. Wayne
The American Presidency, Richard M. Pious Reviewed by James L. Sundquist
Where Have All the Voters Gone? The Fracturing of America's Political Parties, Everett Carll Ladd Reviewed by Michael Kagay
Deciding What's News: A Study of CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, Newsweek, and Time, Herbert J. Gans Reviewed by Doris A. Graber
Presidential Selection: Theory and Development, James W. Ceaser Reviewed by Richard M. Pious
Herbert Hoover: A Public Life, David Burner Reviewed by Harvard Sitkoff
Sexual Harassment of Working Women: A Case of Sex Discrimination, Catharine A. MacKinnon Reviewed by Susan A. MacManus
New York: State and City, David Maldwyn Ellis Reviewed by Paul Kantor
Health and the War on Poverty: A Ten-Year Appraisal, Karen Davis and Cathy Schoen Reviewed by Sumner M. Rosen
The Environmental Protection Hustle, Bernard J. Frieden ;
The Context of Environmental Politics: Unfinished Business for America's Third Century, Harold Sprout and Margaret Sprout Reviewed by Laura M. Lake
The Social Gamble: Determining Acceptable Levels of Air Quality, Richard J. Tobin Reviewed by Bonita A. Wlodkowski
The Future of Industrial Societies: Problems-Prospects-Solutions, Wolfgang Michalski Reviewed by Lewis A. Coser
Study Project on Social Research and Development. Volume 2: The Funding of Social Knowledge Production and Application: A Survey of Federal Agencies, Mark A. Abramson ;
Study Project on Social Research and Development. Volume 5: Knowledge and Policy: The Uncertain Connection, Laurence E. Lynn, Jr. Reviewed by James B. Rule
Encyclopedia of Bioethics, Warren T. Reich Reviewed by Bernard Barber
Ombudsmen Compared, Frank Stacey Reviewed by Bernard Frank
Must Corporate Income be Taxed Twice?, Charles E. McLure Reviewed by James W. Wetzler
Foreign State Enterprises: A Threat to American Business, Douglas F. Lamont Reviewed by Renato Mazzolini
The Decision to Divide Germany: American Foreign Policy in Transition, John H. Backer Reviewed by John Gimbel
The Constitution and Chief Justice Marshall, William F. Swindler Reviewed by Douglas Camp Chaffey
The Third Electoral System, 1853-1892: Parties, Voters, and Political Cultures, Paul Kleppner Reviewed by Richard L. McCormick
The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, Edmund Morris Reviewed by Ari Hoogenboom
Restraints on War: Studies in the Limitation of Armed Conflict, Michael Howard Reviewed by Inis L. Claude, Jr.
Bargaining in International Conflicts, Charles Lockhart Reviewed by George H. Quester
Conflict and Bargaining in the Middle East: An Israeli Perspective, Shlomo Aronson Reviewed by Naomi Joy Williams
Distortion or Development? Contending Perspectives on the Multinational Corporation, Thomas J. Biersteker Reviewed by Alan M. Rugman
Participation and Political Equality. A Seven-Nation Comparison, Sidney Verba and Norman H. Nie Reviewed by Roberta S. Sigel
Technology and International Relations, John V. Granger Reviewed by Debra Lynn Miller
Liberals and Social Democrats, Peter Clarke Reviewed by J. O. Stubbs
From Guns to Butter: Technology Organizations and Reduced Military Spending in Western Europe, Bernard Udis Reviewed by Paul F. Walker
Japan as Number One: Lessons for America, Ezra F. Vogel Reviewed by William V. Rapp
The People of Asia, Gordon T. Bowles ;
Ethnic Plurality in India, R. A. Schermerhorn Reviewed by Jyotirindra Das Gupta