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Volume 120 - Number 2 - Summer 2005

What Political Institutions Does Large-Scale Democracy Require?
Robert A. Dahl examines the political institutions necessary for a democratic country. He argues that a large-scale democracy requires the following political institutions: elected officials; free, fair, and frequent elections; freedom of expression; alternative sources of information; associational autonomy; and inclusive citizenship.

pp. 187-197
 

Polarized Politics and the 2004 Congressional and Presidential Elections
Gary C. Jacobson analyzes the results of the 2004 United States House, Senate, and presidential elections, arguing that the Republicans’ gains did not reflect any shift in public sentiments in that party’s favor, but rather were the result of the Republicans’ structural advantages, reinforced by the intense partisan polarization provoked by the Bush administration.

pp. 199-218
 

Why Bush Won the Presidential Election of 2004: Incumbency, Ideology, Terrorism, and Turnout
James E. Campbell examines how pre-campaign fundamentals and the campaign affected the 2004 presidential election. Incumbency, high turnout, and concerns that Kerry would not handle the war on terrorism as well as Bush tipped the electorate toward President Bush. An electorate evenly divided in its partisanship, the economy, conflicting views about Iraq, and the debates made the election one of the closest in modern party history.

pp. 219-241
 

The HBV and HCV Pandemics: Health, Political, and Security Challenges
ALBERT B. KNAPP examines the health, political, and security challenges arising from the twin pandemics of hepatitis B and hepatitis C that together affect over two billion people and confront both the developed and third world. He formulates a series of policy guidelines including virus containment, prevention, and treatment and also demonstrates how they can be successfully applied.

pp. 243-251
 

Globalization and Diversification of Islamic Movements: Three Turkish Cases
AHMET T. KURU examines why certain Islamic movements support globalization whereas others oppose it. He focuses on three cases from Turkey—the Gülen, the Haydar Bas, and the Milli Görüs, movements. He argues that Islamic movements’ attitudes toward globalization are contingent on two variables—international opportunity structures and the normative frameworks of movements.

pp. 253-274
 

The Problem of Judicial Control in Africa's Neopatrimonial Democracies: Malawi and Zambia
PETER VONDOEPP examines why elected officials in the new African democracies of Malawi and Zambia have had persistent trouble controlling judicial institutions. He argues that political conditions in these countries limit the types of techniques that such officials can employ to rein in judiciaries. Political conditions also provide incentives for judges to adopt positions of neutrality when rendering decisions in political cases.

pp. 275-301

Popular Political Support in Urban China, Jie Chen
Reviewed by ANDREW J. NATHAN

pp. 303-304
 

The United States and the Rule of Law in International Affairs, John F. Murphy
Reviewed by Kenneth W. Thompson

pp. 304-305
 

Balancing Risks: Great Power Intervention in the Periphery, Jeffrey Taliaferro
Reviewed by Jeffrey Pickering

pp. 306-307

State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century, Francis Fukuyama
Reviewed by Richard Rosecrance

pp. 307-308

Citizens without Shelter: Homelessness, Democracy, and Political Exclusion, Leonard C. Feldman
Reviewed by Ralph Da Costa Nunez

pp. 309-310
 

Why Deliberative Democracy?, Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson
Reviewed by Evan Charney

pp. 310-311
 

Deterrence, Lawrence Freedman
Reviewed by Richard J. Harknett

pp. 311-313
 

Taming Intractable Conflicts: Mediation in the Hardest Cases, Fen Osler Hampson, Chester A. Crocker and Pamela Aall
Reviewed by J. Michael Greig

pp. 313-314
 

The Remnants of War, John Mueller
Reviewed by Jeremi Suri

pp. 314-315
 

Predictable Surprises: The Disasters You Should Have Seen Coming, and How to Prevent Them, Max Bazerman and Michael Watkins
Reviewed by Jonathan Keller

pp. 315-317

Overruled? Legislative Overrides, Pluralism, and Contemporary Court-Congress Relations, Jeb Barnes
Reviewed by Keith E. Whittington

pp. 317-318
 

School Board Battles: The Christian Right in Local Politics, Melissa M. Deckman
Reviewed by Fritz Detwiler

pp. 318-319
 

The Politics of Disgust: The Public Identity of the Welfare Queen, Ange-Marie Hancock
Reviewed by Sanford F. Schram

pp. 320-321
 

Congress, Progressive Reform, and the New American State, Robert Harrison
Reviewed by Jeffery A. Jenkins

pp. 321-322
 

The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communications, Paul Starr
Reviewed by James T. Hamilton

pp. 322-324
 

Greasing the Wheels: Using Pork Barrel Projects to Build Majority Coalitions in Congress, Diana Evans
Reviewed by Frances E. Lee

pp. 324-325
 

The American Ballot Box in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, Richard Franklin Bensel
Reviewed by Howard W. Allen

pp. 325-326
 

Think Tanks, Public Policy, and the Politics of Expertise, Andrew Rich
Reviewed by Donald Abelson

pp. 326-328
 

Command of Office: How War, Secrecy, and Deception Transformed the Presidency from Theodore Roosevelt to George W. Bush, Stephen Graubard
Reviewed by H. W. Brands, Jr.

pp. 328-329
 

Islam in Europe: Integration or Marginalization?, Robert J. Pauly, Jr.
Reviewed by Omer Taspinar

pp. 329-331
 

We, the People of Europe? Reflections on Transnational Citizenship, Etienne Balibar
Reviewed by Gustav Peebles

pp. 331-332
 

Procedural Politics: Issues, Influence, and Institutional Choice in the European Union, Joseph Jupille
Reviewed by Judith Kelley

pp. 332-333
 

Ethnic Politics in Europe: The Power of Norms and Incentives, Judith G. Kelley
Reviewed by Saul Newman

pp. 333-335
 

Russia's Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia, Anatol Lieven, Dmitri V. Trenin and Aleksei V. Malashenko
Reviewed by Pavel K. Baev

pp. 335-336
 

Crafting Democracy: How Novgorod Has Coped with Rapid Social Change, Nicolai Petro
Reviewed by Nikolai Petrov

pp. 336-338
 

China's Democratic Future: How It Will Happen and Where It Will Lead, Bruce Gilley
Reviewed by Patricia M. Thornton

pp. 338-339
 

China at the Crossroads, Peter Nolan ; China's New Nationalism: Pride, Politics, and Diplomacy, Peter Hays Gries
Reviewed by Andrew C. Mertha

pp. 339-341
 

Corruption and Market in Contemporary China, Yan Sun
Reviewed by Martin Dimitrov

pp. 342-343
 

Japan's Financial Crisis: Institutional Rigidity and Reluctant Change, Jennifer Amyx
Reviewed by Henry Laurence

pp. 343-344
 

Transforming Korean Politics: Democracy, Reform, and Culture, Young Whan Kihl
Reviewed by Gi-Wook Shin

pp. 344-346
 

Race in Another America: The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil, Edward E. Telles
Reviewed by Mala Htun

pp. 346-347
 

Votes and Violence: Electoral Competition and Ethnic Riots in India, Steven I. Wilkinson
Reviewed by John Echeverri-Gent

pp. 347-348
 

Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwanda Genocide and the International Community, Linda Melvern
Reviewed by Scott Straus

pp. 348-350
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