1996 Vote: The "No Majority" Realignment Continues
Everett Carll Ladd analyzes the 1996 presidential and congressional elections and finds continuities with other contests of the so called postindustrial era. Party ties are weak for a large and growing segment of the population so that neither the Republicans nor the Democrats have been able to become a long-term dominant majority. From this condition of unanchored voters emerges divided government and powerful splits along race, region, religion, and gender in ways without precedent.
Peace, Interdependence, and the Middle East
Steve A. Yetiv examines the effect of Middle East peace on Israel's national welfare and on its regional and global relations. He argues that changes in global politics and economic relations, and specifically Israel's particular economic and security position, have significantly increased the costs of conflict for Israel and the potential benefits of peace.
Governing, Campaigning, and Organizing the Presidency: An Electoral Connection?
Kathryn Dunn Tenpas and Matthew J. Dickinson assess the growing dominance of the presidential staff in presidential reelection campaigns. This dominance, they conclude, contributes to a higher incidence of staff turnover, as presidents must juggle their advisors to respond to the diverging tasks of governing and campaigning.
Deciphering Africa's Divergent Transitions
Michael Bratton documents and analyzes the divergent political trajectories of sub-Saharan African regimes in the early 1990s. While some regime transitions have resulted in a minimal form of democracy, others have been flawed, blocked, or precluded.
Transitional Electoral Systems in Post-Communist Eastern Europe
John T. Ishiyama examines causes for the emergence of different post-Communist electoral systems in Eastern Europe. He argues that the type of democratized electoral system that emerged depended on the degree to which the Communist party and opposition leaderships had begun to think of their organizations as primarily seat-maximizing political parties, rather than as mass movements.
Full Faith and Credit for Same-Sex Marriages?
Ken I. Kersch addresses federalism questions involving the obligations of states to recognize same-sex marriages under the full faith and credit clause. He argues that a consideration of traditional norms of comity among states along with the nation's experience with analogous disputes concerning slavery and antimiscegnation statutes would be useful to policy makers grappling with the issue.
A Review Essay of Robert M. Gates's Memoirs
Raymond L. Garthoff's review essay critiques the memoirs by Robert Gates, a past director of the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Council staffer. Garthoff concludes that Gates's memoirs, while not without bias, nonetheless offer interesting insights into bureaucratic political interplay and the role of intelligence in the policy process.
Internationalization and Domestic Politics, Robert O. Keohane and Helen V. Milner, eds. Reviewed by J. Samuel Barkin
High Hopes, The Clinton Presidency and the Politics of Ambition, Stanley A. Renshon Reviewed by Erwin C. Hargrove
War Powers: The President, the Congress, and the Question of War, Donald L. Westerfield Reviewed by Michael Rubner
The Sources of Russian Foreign Policy after the Cold War, Celeste A. Wallander, ed. Reviewed by Steve Marks
Senators on the Campaign Trail: The Politics of Representation, Richard F. Fenno, Jr. Reviewed by Sarah A. Binder
"Tell Newt to Shut Up", David Maraniss and Michael Weisskopf Reviewed by Richard M. Pious
Clinton and Post-Cold War Defense, Stephen J. Cimbala, ed. Reviewed by James J. Wirtz
Rivals for Power: Presidential-Congressional Relations, James A. Thurber, ed. Reviewed by Bruce Miroff
Congress and the Presidency, Michael Foley and John E. Owens Reviewed by Louis Fisher
Masters of War: Military Dissent and Politics in the Vietnam Era, Robert Buzzanco Reviewed by Robert J. McMahon
The Cuban Missile Crisis: The Struggle over Policy, Roger Hilsman Reviewed by Richard Ned Lebow
Democratizing Mexico: Public Opinion and Electoral Choices, Jorge I. Domínguez and James A. McCann ;
Rebuilding the State: Mexico after Salinas, Monica Serrano and Victor Bulmer-Thomas, eds. Reviewed by Robert A. Pastor
American Presidential Elections: Process, Policy, and Political Change, Harvey L. Schantz, ed. Reviewed by Jeffrey S. Walz
Presidents and the Presidency, Stephen Hess Reviewed by Samuel T. McSeveney
The End of the Republican Era, Theodore J. Lowi Reviewed by Hugh Davis Graham
Turning Points in Social Security: From "Cruel Hoax" to "Sacred Entitlement", Sheryl R. Tynes Reviewed by Edward D. Berkowitz
The War against the Poor: The Underclass and Anti-Poverty Policy, Herbert Gans Reviewed by Loic J. D. Wacquant
Casting Her Own Shadow: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Shaping of Postwar Liberalism, Allida M. Black Reviewed by James P. Young
The Rise and Fall of Development Theory, Colin Leys Reviewed by M. Crawford Young
Funding the Modern American State, 1941-1995, W. Elliot Brownlee, ed. Reviewed by C. Lowell Harriss
Wrong for all the Right Reasons: How White Liberals Have Been Undone by Race, Gordon MacInnes Reviewed by James Borchert
Liberalism's Crooked Circle: Letters to Adam Michnik, Ira Katznelson Reviewed by William E. Scheuerman
Cornerstones of Peace: Jewish Identity Politics and Democratic Theory, Maria Brettschneider Reviewed by Alan Dowty
Shame and Humiliation: Presidential Decision Making on Vietnam, Belma S. Steinberg Reviewed by Robert A. Divine
Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance, Paul Hirst and Grahame Thompson Reviewed by Richard L. Merritt
Talking to Strangers: Improving American Diplomacy at Home and Abroad, Monteagle Stearns Reviewed by Greg Russell
Voting Rights and Democracy: The Law and Politics of Districting, Richard K. Scher, Jon L. Mills and John J. Hotaling Reviewed by Frank J. Macchiarola
The UAW and the Heyday of American Liberalism, 1945-1968, Kevin Boyle Reviewed by Amy Bridges
The Face of the Nation: Immigration, the State, and the National Identity, Keith Fitzgerald Reviewed by Elliott Robert Barkan
Down from Bureaucracy: The Ambiguity of Privatization and Empowerment, Joel F. Handler Reviewed by Laurence E. Lynn, Jr.
The Politics of Abortion and Birth Control in Historical Perspective, Donald T. Critchlow, ed. Reviewed by Sally G. McMillen
Abortion Rates in the United States: The Influence of Opinion and Policy, Matthew E. Wetstein Reviewed by Christopher Wlezien